Ornamental shuka girma

Tsarin jinsunan jinsunan, mun fahimta tare

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Peony wata fure ne mai ban sha'awa wadda ta faranta mana ido daga Mayu zuwa karshen Yuni. Kasashensa sune yankuna ne na Arewacin Amirka da Eurasia. Halin na Peony yana da nau'o'in 34, wanda aka raba zuwa nau'in 5,000. Bugu da} ari, 4,500 ne irin nau'o'in peonies kuma iri guda 500 ne kamar bishiyoyi.

Shin kuna sani? Peony wani furanni ne mai tsawo, yana iya girma a wuri guda na shekaru goma. Tsarinsa ya kai tsawo na 1-2 m, kuma budurwar kanta zai iya zama har zuwa 25 cm a diamita.Da fure ba shi da kulawa don kula da shi, yana da babban tushe da launi. Ƙaya zai iya zama daga kore zuwa mai zurfi.

Hanyoyin peonies

Don haka, wace irin nau'in pions akwai? Yawancin peonies sunyi yawa. Da asali da siffar, an kwatanta pions kamar haka:

Tree, an raba zuwa:

  1. Sino-Turai;
  2. Jafananci;
  3. Hybrids.

Herbaceous, raba zuwa:

  1. Belotsvetkovy peony (milky-flowered);
  2. Tushen Marin (karkatar da peony);
  3. Peony magani;
  4. Kwancin da aka yi wa lakabi;
  5. Peony Mlokosevich.

Tree Peony iri

Bari mu duba dalla-dalla iri iri na peonies.

Sino-Turai

Tsayi yana da tsayi, terry toho, mai yawa manyan ganye. Shades na iya zama daga ruwan hoda mai launin ruwan hoda.

Jafananci

Kamanin wannan shuka shine cewa unpretentious to zazzabi.

Hannun jimlar Jafananci sune nau'i-nau'i na fata, wani lokaci sukan shiga ciki. Launi na stamens shine rawaya, ruwan hoda, ja. An shirya dabbobi a cikin layuka ɗaya ko da yawa.

Hybrids

Peony matasan shine sakamakon matasan da ciyawa da itace peony. A rarrabe alama na wannan shuka ne mai haske launi na furanni, iko girma, m flowering, sanyi juriya.

Herb Peonies

Kwayar iri na peonies - tsire-tsire marasa amfani. Domin wannan furanni don faranta ido ido muddin zai yiwu, ya kamata ka dasa shi a cikin wani ɓangaren flowering na kowane nau'i. Wannan rukuni ya hada da babban nau'i 5.

Belotsvetkovy peony (milky-flowered)

Kayan yana da pistils da stamens a tsakiya. Ganye na furen suna da tsattsauran nau'i, nau'i mai nauyin siffa. Petals girma cikin 1-2 layuka. Furen wannan nau'in peonies babba ne, har zuwa 18 inimita a diamita. Sashin furen ya kai 90 cm saboda yawancin launuka wannan shuka ba ta da daidai. Lokacin flowering - ƙarshen Yuni - farkon Yuli.

Marin Root (Evading Peony)

Lokacin flowering irin wannan peony - ƙarshen May - farkon Yuni. Ginshiƙin yana da tsayi, tsawon tsayi na iya isa daga 40 zuwa 1 mita. Gudun yana kimanin 13 cm a diamita. Yana da launin ruwan hoda mai haske. Yawancin lambu suna girma wannan nau'i nau'in peony a matsayin magani.

Peony magani

Sunan shuka yayi magana don kansa, ana amfani dashi don dalilai na magani. Duk da haka, a tsawon lokaci, masu lambu sun fara dasa shi saboda kyawawan kaddarorin.

Ganye yana da duhu mai duhu mai dadi har zuwa 12 cm a diamita. Tsawancin tsayi ya bambanta daga 40 zuwa 90 cm. Fure ba odorless ba ne. Lokacin flowering shine farkon rabin Yuni.

Binciken da aka zana

Peony mai kunkuntar-dabben yana da haske mai launin fata ko ja launi. Kwanta na toho ne ƙananan, kawai har zuwa 8 cm. Gidan zai yi ado da kyau a kowane lokaci a karshen Mayu, amma zai rasa laya.

Peony Mlokosevich

Peony Mlokosevich ya sami sunansa don girmama wanda ya gano. A shuka yana da haske rawaya launi, dan kadan pinkish tushe.

Diamita na toho yana da zuwa 12 cm. Wannan flower blooms sannu a hankali, flowering zamani - Mayu.

Ƙayyadewa na pions a cikin nau'i na toho

Kamar yadda kake gani, akwai nau'o'in peonies a yanayi, amma wannan ba duka bane. Hakanan ana kwatanta peonies da siffar toho. Ga irin nau'in peonies suna cikin nau'in toho:

  1. Terry;
  2. Semi-biyu;
  3. Ba-shag;
  4. Anemic;
  5. Jafananci

Terry Peonies

An raba rukuni na terry pions cikin rukunin subgroups:

  1. Rose-dimbin yawa
  2. Polurozovidnye;
  3. Crown;
  4. Hemispheric;
  5. Tsarin.

Tsarin tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire na rukuni ana daukar su sune mafi kyau da yawa a cikin lambu.

Waɗannan su ne manyan furanni tare da furen fadi a cikin layuka uku. Lissafi na sama da na kasan suna da launi ɗaya, kuma tsakiyar yana da launi daban-daban kuma yana kunshe da ƙananan fetal. Anyi amfani da kwayoyi da stamens kullum, akwai wasu daga cikinsu, wani lokacin ana boye su a karkashin ƙwayoyin.

Wadannan nau'o'in nau'o'in sun hada da: "A la Maud" (farkon iri-iri), "Nancy" (farkon iri-iri), "Aritina Nozen Gloria" (nau'ikan nau'i-nau'i), "Raspberry Sande", "Pink Cameo", "Alexander Dumas" (matsakaici farkon iri-iri), Red Charm, Henry Bokstos (farkon iri-iri), Solange (marigayi view), Goody, Beev (farkon iri-iri).

Semi-terry peonies

Peonies na wannan jinsin suna da bayyanar iska, kamar yadda suke da furanni da furanni. Petals suna cikin biyar zuwa bakwai layuka. Sakamakon su na iya girma duka a tsakiya na toho da kuma cikin ƙwayoyin.

Wannan jinsin ya hada da irin nau'ikan pion kamar "Miss America" ​​(matsakaici na farko da iri-iri), "Citeria" (matsakaici na farko iri-iri), "Lastres" (farkon iri-iri), "En Berry Cases" (farkon iri-iri).

Pebbles

Peony, mai sauƙi, mai sau biyu, - mai tausayi. Petals ba su da yawa, an shirya a cikin layuka guda ko biyu. Ɗaya daga cikin budurwa ne kawai zuwa goma.

Aneon sabo

Tsarin fitilar launin fadi a diamita, cibiyarsa ta cika sosai da stamens. Ana samun ƙananan dabbobi a cikin ɗaya ko biyu layuka. Kwayoyin da ke ƙasa ba su da yawa, suna tasowa, kuma a tsakiyar, a akasin wannan, ƙananan kuma gajere.

Anemone-kamar peonies sun haɗa da: "Snow Mountain" (farkon iri-iri), "Ruth Clay" (matsakaici na farko iri-iri), "Rhapsody" (matsakaici na farko iri-iri).

Peonies na Japan

Peonies na Japan suna da lahani, kamar su petals, don haka tsakiya yana da karin haske. Sakamako zai iya zama launi guda kamar lalata. Fure yana da kyan gani mai karfi. Ana samun ƙananan dabbobi a cikin ɗaya ko biyu layuka.

Yawan nau'i-nau'i nau'i na Japan sun hada da: "Pearl placer" (matsakaici matsakaici iri-iri), "Velma Atkinson" (farkon iri-iri), "Karara", "Hotcolet"

Yaya aka raba rassan daji dangane da lokaci na flowering

Domin irin wannan itace mai ban sha'awa kuma mai banƙama don murna da idonka har tsawon lokacin da zai yiwu, ya kamata a dasa ta a gonar don tsawon lokacin flowering. Sau da yawa, peonies Bloom daya bayan daya. Akwai jimlar ƙungiyoyi bakwai:

  1. Da farko - Mayu har zuwa Yuni 5;
  2. Farawa - daga Yuni 5 zuwa 10;
  3. Tsakiyar farkon - daga 10 zuwa 15 Yuni;
  4. Matsakaici - daga Yuni 15 zuwa Yuni 20;
  5. Tsakiyar marigayi - daga 20 zuwa 25 Yuni;
  6. Late - daga 25 zuwa 30 Yuni;
  7. Very marigayi - bayan Yuni 30th.

Peony - sabon abu flower da zai yi ado da lambun ka ko da bayan blooms. Lush foliage zai ba da yawa greenery kewaye. Kuma ya ba da kulawar da ba shi da kyau, kowane lambu zai samo wa kansa ainihin nau'ikan iri-iri.

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