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Wannan "Aporocactus" mai ban sha'awa (Dysocactus): iri da hotuna na tsire-tsire

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Ƙasar ƙasar "Aporocactus" - yankuna na wurare masu zafi na AmurkaAn samo shi mafi yawan lokuta a jihohin Mexico na Hidalgo da Oaxaca, da kuma a Honduras, Panama, Northern Peru, Guatemala, da Colombia.

Janar bayanin

Al'adu na son ƙawancin, kuma a cikin yanayin "hawa" a kan tuddai dutsen har zuwa 2.5 km sama da teku. Tare da asalinsu, waxannan epiphytes sunyi girma a cikin ruguwa da duwatsu, rassan bishiyoyi da bishiyoyi masu karfi, suna haifar da tsire-tsire a wasu lokutan. Ganye na daji na da karfi a gindin kuma yana da tsayi mai mahimmanci, tare da ƙwayoyin riba. An lasafta gefen da aka rufe da zane-zane na zinariya.

Hoto daga hoto

Kowane jinsin yana da halaye na kansa. Sun kunshi nau'i daban daban na harbe, 'ya'yan itatuwa, masu girma da kuma nau'i.

"Saƙa" (A. Flagelliformis)

Kulle saƙa yana da haske mai haske, mai haske yana da har zuwa mita 1, a cikin sashe - 2 santimita. An harbe matashi mai tsawo zuwa sama, kuma kawai a tsawon lokaci ya saukad da. Halos yana tsaye a kusa da kullun kuma an zubar da zane-zane na zinariya wanda yayi kama da bristles.

Furen suna da launin jan-ruwan hoda, nau'in-mai siffar launin fata, maimakon manyan - kimanin 8 cm cikin tsawon kuma 6 cm a diamita, 'ya'yan itatuwa - ja berries, da aka zana da spines.

Hoton yana nuna cactus "Aporokaktus Pleyiform", tare da kulawa mai kyau:

Kontsatti (A. Conzattii)

Mai tushe na Kontsatti suna creeping, har zuwa 2 cm lokacin farin ciki. Harbe - mai haske mai haske, tare da asali. Taimakon ta samo asali ne daga 8-12 kananan ribs da tubercles. Halos suna kusa da juna, ana yada sutura a kan fuskar.

Furen Kontsatti suna jan tare da inuwa mai ban sha'awa, har zuwa centimeters high. Tsakanin tsakiya suna da launi mai launin ruwan kasa-rawaya, radial - haske da launin ruwan kasa-launin ruwan kasa.

Hoton yana nuna cactus "Aporocactus Kontsatti", tare da kulawa mai kyau:

Ackermann (D. Ackermannii)

Yana da bel-dimbin yawa harbe tare da gefuna scalloped. Furen suna fure, babban - har zuwa 10 cm a kan tsayi mai tsayi. Corolla ya bayyana sosai. "Dizokaktus Akkerman" ya zama tushen ga yawancin iri.

Hoton yana nuna cactus "Apococactus Ackermann", tare da kulawa da kyau:

Amazonian (D. Amazonicus)

Tushensa yana iya rikicewa tare da ganye, ba kawai saboda siffar launi ba, amma kuma saboda rashin ƙaya. Suna girma kusan kusan mita. Flowers - nau'in tubular, sune blue, purple, ja.

Hoton yana nuna cactus "Aporocactus Amazon", tare da kulawa da kyau:

"Beformis" (Phyllocactus Biformis)

The "Beformis" flattened harbe, kama da ganye, tare da wani serrated baki, reshe. Furen suna jan, ruwan hoda, tubular kuma in mun gwada da ƙananan girman. Wannan shi ne daya daga cikin nau'ikan asalin "Dysocactus".

Hoton yana nuna cactus "Aporocactus Befors", tare da kulawa da kyau:

MacDougallii (D. Macdougallii)

Tsarin yana da haske mai tushe, mai kama da ganye, wanda zai kai 30 cm a tsawon kuma 5 cm a fadin. A halo akwai launin rawaya. Flowers - m-m, har zuwa 8 cm a tsawon.

Hoton yana nuna cactus "Apococactus McDougall", tare da kulawa mai kyau:

Martina (D. Martianus)

Yana da haske mai tushe har zuwa mintimita 25 a diamita, tare da tsire-tsire masu tsayi 4-5. Tsohon sassa na harbe suna kusan zagaye. Halos - tare da launin fata. A furanni ne manyan, jan tare da farin stamens. Abubuwan da ba a buɗe ba su yi kama da kyandir ɗin kyamara.

Hoton yana nuna Martin Aporocactus cactus, tare da kulawa da kyau:

"Kyakkyawa" (D. Speiosus)

Maganin "kyakkyawa" ya bada kanta saboda girman furanni har zuwa 13 cm kuma tsawo na 8 cm, launi mai launi mai launi tare da launi. Ganye yana da m, har zuwa mita 1, 1.5-2.5 cm lokacin farin ciki. Ana yin laushi a gefuna da tushe. A cikin rawanin launuka 5-8 na launin ruwan kasa-launin ruwan kasa mai tsawon mita 10.

Hoton yana nuna cactus "Beautiful Aporocactus", tare da kulawa mai kyau:

"Eihlamii" (D.Elllamii)

Matasa harbe suna da gefuna na gefe, suna kai rabin mita, wasu sun haɗa kansu. Furen suna fitowa ne kawai ko a kungiyoyi na har zuwa kashi 5 kowane. Suna da tsaka-tsalle, nau'i-nau'i mai tsawon mita 6-8 cm, shade na katako, tare da tsinkayen ido. A madadin su, sa'annan an yi amfani da 'ya'yan itatuwa na kimanin 1.4 cm.

Hoton yana nuna cactus "Aporocactus Eihlamii", tare da kulawa mai kyau:

Macranthus (D. Macranthus)

Furen a Macrantus suna haske mai yalwa mai launin rawaya ko m - idan al'ada ya girma a bude. Tsawonsu shine 4-6 cm, wanda yake kusa da saman haske kore, wanda aka lazimta shi a ƙarshen mai tushe. Shin wari mai ma'ana. 'Ya'yan itãcen marmari - ja, har zuwa 10 mm.

Hoton yana nuna cactus "Apococactus Macranthus", tare da kulawa da kyau:

Quezaltecus "(D. Quezaltecus)

Wannan jinsin yana da alamar mai karfi mai mahimmanci na nau'i na linzamin-lanceolate, wanda kaurinsa shine rabin centimita. Suna da layuka guda uku na halos, wanda har zuwa 15 samari ne.

Side harbe ya bayyana daga saman rabi na manyan rassan a cikin layuka da yawa. Da farko, sun kasance m, daga bisani suka zama greenish.

Furen suna bayyana a saman ko a saman harbe. Suna da kyau a cikin tubular, 9 cm tsayi, haske m. Stamens tashi sama da petals. 'Ya'yan itãcen marmari ne mai launi, jan ko rawaya, har zuwa biyu santimita a cikin girman.

Hoton yana nuna cactus "Aporocactus Quezaltecus", tare da kulawa da kyau:

Philansodius (D. Phyllanthoides)

Wannan ma ana kiran shi "Magoya bayan Jamus". Ya zama ɗaya daga cikin masu gaba tsakanin Dizokaktus tare da mai tushe. A cewar labari, a karo na farko "Dizokaktus" ya yi fure a cikin lambu na Malmaison Castle, wanda shi ne Fadarsa Josephine Beauharnais.

"Filansodius" an nada shi. Babbar farawa tana zagaye a tushe da ɗakin kwana a saman, tare da shekaru yana zama itace-itace. Tsawon wannan yanki yana da kimanin 40 cm da 6 mm a giciye. Abu na biyu mai tushe ne mai launi, lanceolate, kaifi, jagged a gefuna. Suna girma har zuwa 30 cm, nisa - har zuwa 5 cm. Gilashin ya zama kore, wani lokaci m, kusan kullum santsi.

A cikin bazara, ruwan furanni furanni Bloom - kararrawa-dimbin yawa, nau'in-mai siffar-mai siffar, odorless. Tsawon daya - daga 8 cm, kimanin 9 cm a cikin girman. Bayan flowering, 'ya'yan itatuwa mai laushi, 4 cm cikin girman, tare da ƙananan ribs sun bayyana. Da farko sun kasance kore, sa'annan su juya ja.

Hoton yana nuna cactus "Aporocactus Filansodius", tare da kulawa da kyau:

Kulawa na gida

Yawancin nau'in basu da kyau ga yanayin tsare. Amma don cimma kyakkyawan fure daga gare su, wajibi ne don haifar da yanayi mai dacewa.

Flowering

Na farko buds bayyana a ƙarshen hunturu. Wannan lokacin yana da yawa a cikin makonni, kuma a wasu nau'i, alal misali, Aporokaktus Pleyvidnogo, dukan bazara. Don yawanya ya kasance mai karimci, a lokacin budding buds kula da hasken haske.

Daga lokacin bayyanar buds har zuwa lokacin da aka girbe 'ya'yan itatuwa, ba a sake gina tukunya ba kuma ba a yarda da bushewa ba. Musamman mai yawa launuka a kan samfurori a kan giciye.

Ayyuka bayan sayan

Bayan sayan ya kamata a maye gurbin alamar.

Store shipping kwantena ba dace da girma.

Na farko kwanaki goma ba da kyau ƙasa bushe, saboda store store ne yalwatacce.

Hanyoyin daji na dan kadan suna jurewa dashi mafi sauƙi.

Bayan an cire daga akwati, asalinsu sun tsabtace peat, an bincika su a hankali.

Hankali! Idan akwai matattun, ruɓaɓɓu, ƙuƙƙun bushe a kan tushen ko ƙananan wuyansa, an yanke su, an yayyafa shi tare da gawayi.

A wasu lokuta ana yin shawarar shirya zafi mai zafi (yanayin zafi a kusa da 50-55 ° C) tare da kara da fungicide da kwari don kawar da kayan dasa kafin a "shirya" a cikin sabon tukunya, don kawar da kwari da kuma bunkasa girma. Sa'an nan kuma an dasa shuka a wuri na tsaye tare da asalinsu.

A kowane hali, dole ne a sarrafa cikakken cactus - daga tushen zuwa saman - tare da fungicide ko kwari, bin umarnin don shirye-shirye. Nan da nan ba a saka a cikin tarin ba, kana buƙatar "kariya" kowane wata, kuma idan shuka ya kamu da cutar, al'adu masu kyau ba za a shafa ba. Don wannan wuri mai haske mai haske.

Haskewa

"Aporocactus" kamar walƙiya mai haske, shading daga hasken rana kai tsaye, daga abin da girma ya ragu kuma flowering yana damuwa. Wurin mafi kyau a cikin ɗakin yana da tagogi na yammaci da gabas, amma arewacin gaba bai dace ba.

Zazzabi

Heat da zafi suna contraindicated.

Mafi kyawun tsarin mulki na thermal shine 20-25 digiri a lokacin rani.

"Aporocactus" yana son iska mai kyau.

Amma a lokacin rani ba a bar su a rana ba, zaɓar wuraren shaded.

A cikin watannin hunturu, ana kiyaye yawan zazzabi a kimanin 10 C.

Dole ne kula da wannan zazzabi don kwanciyar hankali na cactus a hutawa.

Humidity da watering

A lokacin girma girma, mai tushe ne fesa da ruwa mai dumi ruwa daga sprayer. Wannan zai zubar da tsire-tsire tare da isasshen haɗi kuma ya hana abin da ya faru na kaska. Tsuntsar dabarar dawowar safiya, ba tare da fararen droplets ba, fara ne a watan Fabrairun, ya jawo hankalin don haka ya yi fure.

Kada ku yayyafa da ruwa mai gudu., kawai zaunar, bayan da zazzagewa. A lokacin rani na rani, ruwa yana da yalwace, wanda kullum yakan zama rigar, amma babu ruwa a cikin kwanon rufi. A lokacin hunturu, yawancin watering yana ragewa, musamman idan aka adana Dizokaktus a yanayin zafi, kuma ya kamata a bushe ƙasa.

Taki

Tasa kasar gona daga watan Maris sau 2 a wata, yi amfani da kayan aikin da aka shirya don cacti. Kawai daji za Bloom - dakatar da ciyar.

Tashi

An tsara al'adun farko na rayuwa a kowace shekara., tsufa - sau ɗaya a cikin shekaru uku, a cikin bazara. Yi jita-jita don yin amfani da shuki mai fadi da ƙananan. An dasa wasu nau'in a cikin haushi na bishiyoyi na oak, snag ko duwatsu masu laushi.

An yi amfani da ƙasa dan kadan acidic, wanda za'a iya shirya a gida bisa ga wannan girke-girke:

  • peaty, turfy ƙasa, yashi - daya rabo;
  • Brick kasa kasa don malalewa - rabin aikin;
  • ƙananan ƙwayar cuta ko cakulan kwalliya - ɗaya rabo.
Yana da muhimmanci! Da abun da ke ciki ya ƙara kadan birch ci, pre-crushed.

Har ila yau ana sayar da su a cikin shaguna don dasa shuki. Kuma a cikin farko da kuma a cikin akwati na biyu, dole ne a haifar da ƙasa.

Kiwo

Don haifuwa ta amfani da cuttings, ƙananan sau da yawa - tsaba.

Cuttings (kimanin centimetimita 7) a yanka daga saman ko kuma kai rassan gefen, an bushe don kwana 2.

An zuba gishiri mai yisti a cikin wani m tukunya, yayyafa shi da murmushi crumb 5 mm lokacin farin ciki.

An sanya madauri a tsaye, ta amfani da goyan baya da garter da aka yi daga ulu.

Yi haɓaka ƙasa tare da kwalba mai laushi, kauce wa lamba tare da mai tushe.

Tushen farko ya bayyana cikin kimanin kwanaki 14. Lokacin da tsire-tsire da ƙarfi yana riƙe da a tsaye, an cire madadin.

Don amfanin gona na tsaba suna daukar 'ya'yan itace cikakke. Idan an fara saukowa a watan Nuwamba - Disamba, kuna buƙatar fitilar fitila, in ba haka ba a cikin Maris - Afrilu. Girma tare da murya ko gilashi, barin hanyar shiga iska.

Ƙasa abun da ke ciki:

  • ganye ƙasa (lemun tsami), ma'adini yashi - daya bayan daya;
  • peat, kwakwalwan kwalliya (magudanar ruwa), ƙwayar wuta - kashi ɗaya na uku. Dole ne duniya ta kasance babba.
Yana da muhimmanci! Kafin dasa shuki, ana shuka tsaba cikin potassium permanganate na tsawon sa'o'i 12-20.

A cikin ƙasa sun sanya ragowar ƙasa. Bayan an wanke kayan shuka, kasar gona tana da tsabta sosai, hagu a cikin dumi (+35 o C, + 20 o C), wuri mai haske. Na farko watanni uku tabbatar da cewa dakin ya kasance rigar.

Cututtuka, kwari

Haɗari ga al'ada shi ne:

  • nematodes;
  • tufafi;
  • gizo-gizo mite

"Aporocactus" ko "Dizokaktusy" suna dauke da alhakin gandun daji. A farashi mai mahimmanci, har ma maƙarƙashiya zai iya samun gidan aljanna, wanda zai yi farin ciki da furanni.

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