Shuka amfanin gona

Waɗanne iri-iri ne zasu iya girma a cikin tukwane? Zaɓin iyawa, dace da kulawa

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Petunia wata shuka ce da aka fi so a tsakanin gonaki a kasarmu, saboda kyawawan abubuwan da yake da shi, tsinkaye na tsawon lokaci da kulawa marasa kyau. Kyawawan kyau shine petunia amulet, kama da ruwa mai furanni. A cikin wannan labarin za muyi la'akari da siffofin girma da kula da wannan shuka, da kuma magance batun batun zabar tukunya mai dacewa.

Fasali na shuka

Kalmar ampelnaya ta fito ne daga Jamus ampel - vaz. Dukkan tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire suna lalacewa da tsayi mai tsawo ko fadowa. Bita petunia yana dauke da harbe-harben har zuwa 120 cm a cikin irin wadannan tsirrai tare da kyawawan karrarawa na furanni, dace da dasa shuki a cikin tukunyar kwalliya ko tsalle-tsalle, kwalaye. Har ila yau yana dace da ƙirƙirar murfin fure. Ɗaya daga cikin tsirrai yana iya rufewa tare da tsalle-tsalle har zuwa m 2 na duniya.

Bambancin irincin petunias shi ne cewa mai tushe yana kan gaba zuwa ƙasa, ba kamar layin ba, wanda harbe ya fara girma, sa'an nan kuma ya kai wani lokaci zuwa ƙasa. In ba haka ba, irin wannan petunias ya bambanta daga wasu nau'in.

Launin launi na amintattun petunias yana da fadi da yawa: dukkanin tabarau na ruwan hoda, mai launi, fari, rawaya da sauransu. Girman furanni a iri dabam-dabam ma sun bambanta - daga ƙananan zuwa babba, kama da carnation.

Har ila yau, akwai amintattun furotin da Semi-amber, wanda ya bambanta a cikin tsawon harbe.

Yadda za a zabi wani tanki mai dakatarwa?

Wani mai shuka shi ne jirgin ruwa wanda fatar tukunya ya dace., yana da matsayi mafi girma na aikin ado, da kuma tukunya - amfani. Da farko, an tsara tukwane don ɓoye tukunyar gurasa na yau da kullum don yin ɗakin ado, saitin. Saboda haka, tukwane suna yin aiki na pallet, amma ƙara, tsire-tsire ana shuka su ne a cikin tukwane ba tare da amfani da tukunya ba.

A kan kasuwar kasuwancin zamani ana wakilta a cikin nau'o'in kayan aiki, kayayyaki, launuka. To yaya za a zabi? Da farko dai, ya kamata mutum ya ci gaba da aiki ta hankalinsa. Idan muna magana ne game da petunia maras kyau, to amma an dasa shi ne a kan wajibi, gazebos, balconies, a kusa da gidan, wato, a wuraren da aka buɗe da dakuna. Saboda haka, dole ne a zabi wani abu wanda bazai dagewa daga ruwan sama, iska da rana. A wannan yanayin, filastik mai dacewa, kayan ƙanshi da karfe.

Don man fetur ampel, tukunyar rataye suna da mafi dacewa. Ga wasu shahararrun iri.:

  1. Wutan cache a kan sarkar karfe tare da wani sashi da aka sanya daga cocovites.
  2. Gilashin tukwane da kwaikwayon kwaikwayo.
  3. Kayan gwadawa mai sauki.
  4. Cache tukunya tare da sakawa ga balconies da fences.

Abubuwan da ake amfani da su a ciki sun hada da irin waɗannan halaye:

  • ajiye wurare masu kwance;
  • za a iya sanya shi inda babu tallafi;
  • high motsi, misali, a lokacin frosts za a iya sauƙin kawo zuwa dakin dumi.

Har ila yau kama da rataye a cikin halaye su ne gine-gine na bango, wanda zai iya yi ado ganuwar gado ko terrace.

Wani irin bango mai ban sha'awa a cikin nau'i mai kwalliya, inda tsire-tsire masu ban sha'awa zasu sauko ta hanyar ruwa mai kyau har zuwa kasa. Za'a iya yin irin wannan gilashin filastik da filastik.

Zaka iya gina babban gilashi daga manyan manya-manyan, mafi yawan kayan zane, idan kun sanya ɗayan a kan wani, to a cikin lambunku za a yi wani nau'i na furanni.

Sauran lambu Lokacin zabar tukwane, ya kamata a shiryu ta hanyar zaɓin dandano da kuma salon gaba dayadon haka an haɗu da tukwane da juna da kuma kewaye da su, to, furanni zasu zama kayan ado na sararin samaniya kuma zai yi jituwa.

Hotuna

Sa'an nan kuma zaku ga hoto na petunias a cikin tukwane, ciki har da wadanda aka kewayen a gidan:





Waɗanne iri ne suka fi kyau shuka?

A cikin tukwane za a iya dasa kowane nau'in petunias, amma mafi dacewa su ne irin wadannan nau'o'in masu ban mamaki da Semi-amber petunias:

Surfinia

Musamman ma ƙaunataccen furanni mai furanni. Alamar launuka daban-daban, juriya ga abin mamaki na halitta, furanni mai kyau, ciyayi mai sauri.

Katarina

Hybrid iri-iri. Tsayi tsawon har zuwa 80 cm Fure-fure masu launi mai haske: ruwan hoda mai haske ko ruwan hoda-ja. Kwanta na flower shine 6-7 cm.

Explorer

A iri-iri yana da tsayi sosai mai tushe har zuwa 150 cm. Ganye yana da matukar wuya. Flowers manyan, kakin zuma. Launi na furanni na wannan iri-iri na iya zama daban.

Black karammiski

Abubuwan da ke da alaka da sababbin nau'o'in juyayi. Buds girma har zuwa 8 cm, velvety kyau baki.

Redi mai sauƙi ja

Gyara tsawon game da 1 m. Tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire suna da furen furanni mai haske. Girma mai girma kuma halayyar.

Mashenka

Tsawon tsintsin itace 70-80 cm Ƙananan furanni suna kama da naman gilashi 3-5 cm, m Bloom, ruwan hoda mai launi tare da rawaya rawaya.

Mai ban mamaki ko Fortunia

Har ila yau, yana da mahimmanci iri-iri a kasarmu. Tsawancin harbe daga daya zuwa 1.5 mita. A diamita na flower ne 5-7 cm Flowers iya zama daban-daban launuka.

Snow sarauniya

Tsaya tsawon har zuwa 80 cm. Bambanta da halayyar kyawawan furanni. Flowers girma sosai lokacin farin ciki.

Umurni: yadda ake shuka?

Petunias suna girma a kan seedlings daga Fabrairu-Maris, wanda ya tabbatar da flowering a ko'ina cikin bazara. Domin shuka don samun ƙarfi, dole ne ya nutse.

Za a iya shuka tsire-tsire mai kyau a cikin tukunya kafin a kai su cikin iska ta sama ko kuma a canza su da zarar ya zama fili cewa tushen tsarin shuka ba shi da isasshen wuri. A kan titin, ana iya cire petunia bayan barazanar ragowar ruwan sanyi.

Idan an yi amfani da shuka don nufinsa, wato, a matsayin pallet na ado, to lallai babu matsala a shuka shuka, sai kawai a buƙaɗa tukunya a cikin tukunya mai dacewa.

Idan mun cika ƙasa a cikin tukwane, to, a cikin wannan yanayin dole ne a sanya ramukan ramuka a kasa.wanda yawanci ba a ba su a can don haka ƙwayar daɗaɗɗa ke gudana ta wurin waɗannan gado. Wannan ma'auni zai hana juyawa daga tushen.

Umurnai na transplanting petunias a tukwane:

  1. Zaɓi mai shuka tare da babban adadin diamita don shuka yana da damar yin girma.
  2. Shirya da kuma wanke ƙasa. Petunia yana ƙaunar ƙasa mai tsaka tsaki ko kadan acidic tare da babban abun yashi. Zaka iya saya shirye-shiryen shirye-shirye. Zai yiwu a wanke ta dumama a cikin microwave, watering tare da potassium permanganate ko wasu mahadi na musamman.
  3. Zuba ruwan kwari a kasa: perlite, kwakwalwan kwakwalwan kwari, da dai sauransu, da kuma tamp da kasa tare da ƙasa.
  4. Juya tukunya (iyawa) tare da rigar rigar, kada ku lalata tushen.
  5. Sake shuka a cikin tukwane, cika cavities tare da ƙasa, tamp.
  6. Ruwa da shuka.
A karo na farko bayan furen furanni shine mafi alhẽri don kare daga hasken rana kai tsaye.

Muna bayar don kallo bidiyo akan yadda za a dasa petunias a cikin tukwane:

Nawa ne zan iya sanya?

Ƙaramin petunia yana nuna girma da girma mai girma, don haka ba fiye da tsire-tsire biyu ba a cikin tukunya daya. Wasu lokuta, ta hanyar dasa iri iri iri a cikin akwati guda daya wanda ya dace da launi, za'a iya tsara kyawawan furanni.

Kula

  • Wuri. Suna da petunia a gefen kudu maso gabas, kamar yadda tsire-tsire yake mai dadi.
  • Watering. Petunia shine mai dumi, amma yana jure yanayin bushe sosai. Alamar cewa ana buƙatar watering yana bushewa daga saman saman ƙasa na ƙasa, idan ba a rufe shi a yatsunsu ba, kazalika da wilting na furanni. A musamman lokutan zafi, watering yana yiwuwa sau 2 a rana, a wasu lokuta - sau ɗaya a rana.

    Don kada a shayar da tsire-tsire a lokuta da yawa, wasu masu lambu suna sanya bishiyoyin hydrogel ko jaririn jariri a cikin ƙasa, wanda ke riƙe da ruwa sa'annan ya ba da ita ga shuka idan an buƙata.

  • Top dressing. 1-2 makonni bayan dasawar, ana iya ciyar da shuka. A lokacin da aka kafa gishiri, petunia yana buƙatar takin mai magani na nitrogen don ƙarfafa harbe da kuma bunkasa girma.

    Bayan bayyanar da farko buds, kamata yayi farawa tare da phosphorus da potassium da takin mai magani, ban da nitrogen-dauke da takin mai magani. Har ila yau, don hana yellowing na ganye ya kamata amfani da ƙarfe dauke da takin mai magani. Ya kamata a gudanar da cin abinci a kalla sau ɗaya kowace mako 2.
  • Trimming. Wasu iri ma suna buƙatar pruning don samar da samfurin noma. Har ila yau, don adana kayan ado yana wajibi ne don cire furen fure da launin yellowed.
  • Tashi. Wasu lokutan petunia yana da girman tukunyarsa, wanda ke shafar lafiyar jiki da bayyanar shuka. A wannan yanayin, dole ne a shuka shuka a cikin babban akwati.

Bugu da ƙari, mutane da yawa suna ƙaunar da petunia saboda rashin lafiyarta kuma zai dace da magunguna. Ba abin mamaki bane yana amfani dasu a cikin zane-zane na wurare, murabba'ai, ɗakuna, da dai sauransu.

Ƙasar petunia mai kyau ne kuma ba ta da kyau kuma za ta yi ado da lambun ka, yadi ko baranda. Tare da kulawa mai kyau da zaɓi na tukunya mai dacewa, zai ji dadin ku tare da lush blooms har sai sanyi.

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