A gonar

Hanyar irri na Wick - wata hanyar juyin juya hali don kula da 'yan violets

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A lokacin da masu tsirrai iri iri, dole ne a la'akari da dalilai masu yawa: biyan kuɗi tare da tsarin rani, muhimmancin yanayin shayarwa - dakin da zafin jiki da iska, yanayi na musamman don kulawa da wasu nau'in shuka.

Lokacin da overdrying ya rasa takardun turgor, kuma launi ya sauke. Ambaliya yana da hadarin gaske saboda tushen sa, kuma wannan ya hada da mutuwar shuka.

Don hana wannan, zaka iya kokarin canzawa zuwa bango na wick.

Koyi ka'idodin ka'idojin watering orchids.

Karanta yadda za ka kula da gonar.

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Abubuwan da suka dace da fursunoni na wick irrigation

Yin amfani da igiya, kayan haɓakar capillary sun tabbatar da samar da ruwa daga tanki zuwa tukunya tare da madara, shayar da shi kuma rike zafi, dangane da yanayin canza yanayin tsire-tsire, ake kira wick irrigation.

Canje-canje a cikin yanayin kulawa yana nufin sauyawa a cikin iska mai zafi, canji a zazzabi (sanyi ko zafi), da kuma ci gaba da shuka kanta.

Don yanke shawara game da miƙa mulki zuwa bango na wick, kana bukatar ka san game da amfani da rashin amfani da wannan hanyar.

Abũbuwan amfãni daga cikin hanyar:

  • samar da kyakkyawan yanayi don ci gaban 'yan tsirrai - tsire-tsire yana da tsire-tsire a baya kuma ya fi girma girma;
  • sauƙaƙa aikin ma'aikata - kawar da buƙatar kowane mutum;
  • tare da tsarin da aka zaɓa da kyau na ruwa da taki taki, da tsire-tsire ba sa yin amfani da su kuma ba su jin yunwa;
  • Tsire-tsire basu buƙatar watering a lokacin da ba su da yawa - babu bukatar su nemi kowa ya shayar da furanni;
  • yiwuwar ambaliya ta rage yawan tsire-tsire, saboda ruwa a lokacin rani na ruwa yana gudana a hankali - lokacin da saman saman ya bushe, ya tashi daga kasa, wetting the substrate;
  • kananan-violets, suna girma cikin kananan tukwane, sun fi girma, wato, a kan wick wanda ba ya bari su bushe;
  • Ana amfani da ƙananan tukwane - tsire-tsire waɗanda basu karɓar abinci daga ƙasa basu buƙatar babban damar aiki ba. Kudin wannan tukunya yana da ƙasa da babba, kuma ana buƙatar žasa don matsin - karami amma ajiyewa;
  • ƙananan diamita daga cikin tukunya, mafi mahimmancin ƙwayar violet tana tasowa - furanni sun fi girma, ƙananan ganye.

Features girma marigold a kan shafin.

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Abubuwa mara amfani ga hanya:

  • idan ba'a zaba da igiya ba (babban diamita, shawan ruwa ya yi yawa), maɓallin yana ƙinƙasa, wanda zai haifar da juyawa daga tushen da mutuwar 'yan violets;
  • a lokacin da ruwan ingancin wick yana kara girma. Tsire-tsire suna ɗaukar sararin samaniya, wadda ba a ke so a lokacin da iri iri iri daban-daban - raƙuman wuri, marasa iri iri;
  • a lokacin yanayin sanyi a kan tagogi-taga, ruwan ya narkewa da sanyi ya shiga cikin abincin, wanda ba shi da kyau ga tushen asalin;
  • lokacin da abun ciki na 'yan tsintsa a kan raye-raye da kwalliya ya kamata la'akari da ƙarin nauyin da ke daidai da nauyin akwati tare da maganin, da kuma nisa tsakanin ɗakoki, don haka tsakanin su da violets ya zama rata.

A lokacin hunturu, idan ba a saka sill ɗin ba, to ya fi dacewa a sake tsara rassan zuwa wani, wuri mai zafi, ko canja wuri zuwa watering watering.

Cire kwantena tare da bayani, kuma sanya tukwane tare da wick a cikin pallets - a kowane lokaci za ka iya komawa bango na wick.

Menene ya kamata tukunya

Kamar yadda aka ambata a sama, 'yan ragunan suna inganta mafi kyau a cikin tukwane, karɓar abinci ba daga ƙasa ba, amma daga bayani.

Dafaccen tukunyar nesa daga 5 zuwa 8 cm don samun kwarewa mai kyau da babban babban furanni.

Don kaucewa tarawa na cututtuka masu lalacewa a cikin ƙananan ƙwayar, yana da muhimmanci ga 'yan tsalle-tsalle a cikin kowane watanni shida.

Yankin zaɓi

Kasashen da ke amfani da su don girma shuke-shuke suna da nauyi ga masu cin tsirrai, suna sha ruwa mai yawa, saboda abin da aka kara da shi da kuma m.

Lokacin da ƙasa mai bangowa ya kamata ya zama sako da kuma numfashi. Ana yin burodin ƙura (kogin yashi, vermiculite, perlite) a cikin tukwane da peat - an cire kasa gaba ɗaya.

Ƙasa zai iya kunshi:

  • adana ƙasa don violets + guga man kwakwa peat + perlite ko vermiculite - duk a daidai rabbai;
  • kwakwacin kwakwa + perlite ko vermiculite - a daidai rabbai;
  • Farawa ga violets + perlite + vermiculite.

Don hana magudi girma, phytosporin an kara da cewa. Amma idan an keta ka'idodin kuma ba a sadu da yanayin abun ciki ba, to, phytosporin ba zai taimaka ba.

Kwan zuma na fata yana buƙatar wanka saboda yana dauke da gishiri. Kurkura shi sau da yawa.

Wiki ko igiya

An yi amfani da haɗin mai amfani azaman wick, tun lokacin da abu na halitta ya fuskanci lalacewa da sauri.

Dole dole ne a sami ruwan sha mai kyau.

Ana zazzage kauri na igiya. Yawanci, don tukunya tare da diamita na 5 zuwa 8 cm, an yi amfani da kauri mai tsayi na 0.5 cm.

Lokacin yin amfani da wicks da aka sanya da yatsun nailan ko sutura, ƙuƙasa ƙasa saboda yawancin ruwa.

Amfani da takin mai magani

Takin takin mai magani yana amfani da kowanne dacewa da violets. Ka yi la'akari da wasu daga cikinsu:

  • Agrecol NPK 9: 4: 5 - tare da girma;
  • Agrecol NPK 4: 5: 8 - tare da bayyanar buds da flowering;
  • Maganin warware matsalar shine 0.5 ml da lita na ruwa;
  • Taki - bayani maida hankali: fakitin 100 g da 2.5 l na ruwa. Ƙara zuwa mafita lokacin da ruwa mai ban sha'awa a cikin lissafi na 1 tsp. a kan lita 1 na bayani;
  • Kemira Kombi - 2% bayani mai mahimmanci: shirya 20 g da 1 lita na ruwa. Don samun bayani na 0.05% da aka yi amfani dashi na ban ruwa: 5 tsp. (25 ml) zuwa 1 lita na ruwa.

Idan tsire yana ci gaba akan bayani wanda ya ƙunshi taki, maida hankali akan maganin ya kamata ya zama 3-4 sau kasa da aka nuna a cikin umarnin.

Girma da kulawa a cikin gida a cikin gida.

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Tsarin banki na Wick

Don akwati a ƙarƙashin bayani an yi amfani da kofuna waɗanda aka yayyafa, yanke ƙasa da kwalabe na filastik - abun ciki na kowane shuka dabam.

Idan ka shirya shirya wasu tukwane, to, yi amfani da kwantena tare da lids inda aka yanke ramukan don tukwane.

Tsawancin kwantena ya dogara da zabi na masu violets, amma kada ya wuce 8-10 cm - ana buƙatar ƙarin bayani.

Gilashin yumbura suna da ramuka a ƙasa, kuma lokacin amfani da kayan aiki na filastik, dole ne a sanya ramuka a cikinta. Don yin wannan, yi amfani da ƙusa mai tsanani a wuta ko awl.

Mun yanke igiya cikin tsayi 15-20. An saka ƙarshen daya a cikin rami 1.5-2 cm ko muka sanya wick a cikin kasan tukunya a cikin da'irar da ƙananan diamita fiye da kasa. Ya dogara ne akan haɗuwa ta igiya.

Idan akwai karfi na kulle kayan, za'a iya fitar da igiya a hankali, yana barin ƙarami a cikin tukunya.

Muna zub da kayan da aka dauka akan tsari kuma mun kafa tukunya a cikin pallet. Mafi girma ya zubar da ruwa tare da ruwa har sai ya fara rigar. Idan kasar gona ta kasance jaki, to, ku ƙara wani matsayi.

Drain da wuce haddi ruwa, dasa shuka a cikin ƙasa kuma saka shi a cikin akwati tare da bayani. Ruwa a cikin tanki ya kamata a zuba a kan rabu, zai fi dacewa dumi.

Nisa daga farfajiyar bayani zuwa kasan tukunya ya zama 1.5-2 cm.Yawan saman saman ya narke, ruwa zai tashi ta hanyar igiya, tsaftace ƙasa zuwa jihar da ake so.

A lokacin da kewayar ruwa mai ban sha'awa a koyaushe ya kasance rigar. Ƙasa ta narke a kan sau ɗaya lokacin da aka saka tukunya a kan bayani - karin ruwa daga sama ba ya buƙata.

Matashi zai iya bushe idan an lalata igiya kuma ba a ciyar da ruwa a cikin tukunya, ko kuma ba ku kula da shi ba kuma ba a kara bayani ga tank din a lokaci ba.

Dole ne a maye gurbin igiya tare da sabon saƙo, a kwantar da shi zuwa cikin rami ta amfani da allurar ƙira ko ƙugiya.

Domin tsarin wig na ruwa ya sake yin aiki, ƙasa ta zubar daga sama, kuma ana sanya tukunya a kan akwati da aka cika da turmi.

Yana da wanda ba'a so a overdry kasar gona, kamar yadda tushen tushen mutu a cikin tushen tsarin, wanda rinjayar da ci gaba da shuka.

Wani lokacin algae ya bayyana a bango na kwantena - waɗannan su ne ganye a bangon da basu cutar da furanni. Wani lokaci yana da isa ya wanke kwantena don haka kore kore yaduwa.

Domin ya mallaki irri na wick, canja wurin shi 'yan' yan violet. Kula da tsire-tsire, ƙayyade zaɓin igiya, daidaitaccen bayani game da maganin.

Idan kullun suna jin dadi sosai, kwasfa suna ma, da kuma furen furanni suna da kyau ga ido, sannan sauran sauran tsire-tsire za a iya canjawa zuwa abun ciki akan bayani. Wannan zai taimaka maka aikinka, kuma tsire-tsire za su ci gaba a cikin yanayi mai dadi.

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