Kayan lambu

Don taimakawa lambu. Dokoki don dasa shuki faski a bude ƙasa

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Ƙanshi, kayan yaji, duk wani faski mai laushi da aka fi so shi ne a cikin abincin kowane ɗakin mata. Ana amfani da faski ganye a dafa abinci, a magani da kuma cosmetology.

Farsley ganye ne mai arziki a cikin bitamin na rukunin B, PP da C, provitamins A da K, dauke da mai yawa potassium. Ba kamar tushen faski, faski fashi ba shi da mahimmanci akan agrotechnology da wuri na dasa.

Bugu da ari a cikin labarin za mu ba da umarni don dasa shuki faski, kazalika da gaya muku yadda za ku kula da wannan ganye mai banƙyama a cikin lambunku. Don tsabta, za mu samar da bidiyon don kallo.

Yanayin saukowa irin wannan da kuma manyan bambance-bambance daga tushen tushe

Leken faski:

  • shuka tsaye bayan da dusar ƙanƙara ta narkewa, kamar yadda ƙasa ta warke dan kadan;
  • shuka a kan seedlings a seedlings kwalaye a tsakiyar Maris.

Faski tushe:

  • saukowa a tsakiyar watan Afrilu a kan babban tudun dumi bayan overwintering na tubers daga ajiya (cellar) don samun leaf taro;
  • shuka tsaba don seedlings a cikin kwalaye a tsakiyar watan Maris.

Zaɓin sa

Faski leaf iri suna kasu kashi biyu:

  • mai santsi-sauƙi;
  • curly.

Farin ganye

An yi faski faski an raba shi zuwa kungiyoyi 3:

  1. Dafaran iri na farko: "Beads", "Gloria", "Ƙasar Rasha". Suna halin da girma girma, m launi dandana dandana. A yawan amfanin ƙasa na kore 1.5-2.0 kg / m2. Kwanaki na 55-60 sun wuce daga germination zuwa girbi, wato, bayan wata daya da rabi, samfurori masu tsufa suna shirye don girbi.
  2. Yawan iri-iri: "Sandwich", "Breeze", "Sorceress", "Universal" suna da ƙananan man fetur. Wannan yana nufin cewa irin wannan nau'in ya dace ba kawai don jagora ba, amma har ma da girbi na inji. Yawan aiki yana da tsawo - 2.4 - 2.8 kg / m2. Ana iya yin girbi a cikin kwanaki 80-95 bayan shuka.
  3. Late iri: "Bogatyr", "Rialto". Wadannan iri suna girbe a ƙarshen lokacin rani. Lokacin daga shuka zuwa girbi na babban amfanin gona shine shekaru 185-200.

Mafi shahararrun iri-iri tsakanin lambu shine Bogatyr iri-iri. Wannan iri-iri shine mafi ingancin inuwa. Yawan aiki shine high-3 kg / m2.Kwayoyin suna girma da sauri bayan yankan, ana iya girbe ganye a lokacin kakar girma.

Ganye suna da matukar m, ba sa girma a cikin ci gaba, ana amfani dashi a cikin sabo ne da dried, don adanawa da daskarewa.

Girma

Gwarar da aka yi don kayan ado da kuma nagartaccen ganyayyaki. Unpretentious, resistant zuwa cututtuka da kwari.

  1. Dafaran iri na farko: "Astra", "Mooskrause 2." Lokacin daga cikar shuka har zuwa girbi na 55-60. Za a iya girma a bude da kuma kare ƙasa. Very high yawan amfanin ƙasa na kore - har zuwa 5 kg / m2.
  2. Mid-kakar: "Kucheryavets", "Slavic". Lokacin daga germination zuwa girbi 80 days.

Shuka lokaci

Podzimny shuka a cikin marigayi Oktoba, kafin a fara sanyi da dusar ƙanƙara. A nan kana buƙatar tabbatar da cewa tsire-tsire ba a daskarewa ba. Girma na shuka a Yuni da Yuli na faski ya dace da aiwatar da shi a kakar wasa mai zuwa. A nan faski za a kiyaye shi sau da yawa da garkuwa daga hasken rana.

Hankali! Lokacin mafi kyau na shuka shi ne farkon spring: a watan Afrilu, lokacin da barazanar mai tsanani frosts rage.

A lokacin da ake shuka shukar shuka za a iya girbe a cikin kakar girma. Faski ganye yana son wurare masu zafi tare da numfashi, ƙasa mai kyau. Iyakar iri ɗaya da ke dacewa da shading shine Bogatyr..

Mafi mahimmanci ga fasara ganye shine dankali, kabeji, beets, albasa, tumatir da cucumbers.

Shirin mataki zuwa mataki: yadda za a shuka?

A cikin ƙasa mai bude

  1. Shirya shiri fara a cikin fall, bayan girbi da amfanin gona kafin. Suna tono ƙasa a kan bayoneti na felu tare da gabatar da taki ko humus kuma dan lokaci kusa da fim din. A farkon Afrilu, an cire fim. Bugu da kari tono sama da yankin tare da gabatarwar nitroammofoski. Aikace-aikace -25 - 30 g / m2.

    Yana da amfani don ƙara itacen ash mai arziki a cikin ma'adanai da abubuwa masu alama. Aikin aikace-aikacen -120-150 g / m2.

    Dasa shuka faski a cikin ƙasa mai tushe za a iya yi ta hanyar iri ko kuma hanyar seedling.

  2. Tsarin shirye. Faski tsaba suna da wadata a muhimmancin mai da dole ne a yi su da kyau don amfanin gona. 2-3 days kafin shuka, tsaba suna soaked for a rana a kowace daga cikin gina jiki mafita na shirye-shirye: "Epin", "Humate potassium".

    Tsaidawar maganin shine 0, 1%. Kyakkyawan motsawa na sada zumunci da azumi shine tushen maganin peroxide. Take 0, 3% bayani na miyagun ƙwayoyi. Ana gudanar da aiki a cikin minti 15-20. Kafin shuka tsaba ana bushe zuwa friable jihar.

  3. Fasahar fasaha. A cikin furrows shirya a kan gado, tsaba suna sown a cikin watan Afrilu. Girman noma ya dogara da nau'in ƙasa. A kan loams shi ne 2 cm, a kan yashi da sod-podzolic -2.5-3 cm da kuma 3-3.5 a kan peatlands.

    Tsakanin tsire-tsire ya zama 10-15 cm, jeri -15-20 cm Ana shuka tsaba a cikin layuka na nests, 3-4 guda kowannensu, tare da nisa na 8 cm tsakanin juna (la'akari da ci gaban ƙwayoyin launuka na gaba) da cike da ƙasa na superphosphate 10 g na superphosphate akan guga na duniya). Ana shayar ruwa, kuma gado yana rufe da fim kafin fitowar harbe.

Tare da hanyar shuka, ana shuka tsaba a cikin kwalaye masu fure a ƙarshen Fabrairu (greenhouse) - tsakiyar Maris (yanayin gida). Shirye-shiryen shuka tsaba iri ɗaya ne da shuka shuka a ƙasa. Lokacin da nau'i biyu na ganyen gashi suka bayyana, tsire-tsire suna nutsewa a cikin cassettes. A ƙarshen Afrilu-farkon watan Mayu, an shuka shuka a wuri mai bude a wuri mai dindindin.

Tare da hanyar rassadnom na girma amfanin gona za a iya girbe a baya cikin makonni 2-3.

Muna bayar don ganin bidiyo na gani na dasa faski:

A cikin greenhouse

Ana iya samar da shi ta hanyar shuka tsaba a kasa na greenhouse da kuma tilasta. Kafin shuka, ana ajiye tsaba a tsawon kwanaki 5 a cikin gauze har sai da sprouts. Bayan dasa shuki harbe ya bayyana a ranar 7.

A cikin tsire-tsire mai suna greenhouse, an dasa itatuwan faski a cikin shekaru goma na Janairu. Idan ba a mai da greenhouse ba, to, ana yin shuka a watan Maris, lokacin amfani da man shuke-shuken (girbin bambaro da taki a ƙasa).

Mafi yawan zazzabi masu kyau don bunkasa shuka shine digiri 10-12. Ya kamata a kiyaye wannan zazzabi a lokacin da ke kara faski a cikin hunturu da kuma lokacin bazara.

Dislocation

Hanyar ita ce lokacin cinyewa, amma yawan amfanin ƙasa ya fi girma. Don dasa shuki, yi amfani da tushen faski tare da yanke kusan 6-7 cm cikin tsawon kuma 1-1.5 cm lokacin farin ciki. Yanke saman, kada ku lalata maɓallin girma!

Ready Tushen suna sanya a cikin kwalaye da rigar yashi. kuma adana su a zafin jiki na digiri biyu. A watan Disamba da farkon watan Janairu, an dasa asalinsu a ƙarƙashin wani gangami mai zurfi a cikin rawanin zurfin zurfin 10-15 cm. Nisa daga cikin tsaka-tsalle na 15-20 cm.Ya yalwata da ƙasa mai laushi zuwa wuyansa na wucin gadi sannan kuma ya shayar da shi da ruwa.

Girma a gida:

  • Soak tsaba na kwanaki 2;
  • shirya kwalaye, cika su da ƙasa mai kyau;
  • zubar da ruwan zafi don disinfect kwari da cututtuka;
  • yi tsagi tare da zurfin 0.5-1 cm kuma shuka tsaba, bayan - yayyafa haske da ƙasa;
  • zuba da kuma sanya haske mai haske.

Za a iya shuka faski daga tushen kayan lambu, kamar yadda yake a cikin greenhouse. A watan Nuwamba, mun haƙa tushen, sun datse ganye da kuma adana su a cikin yashi a baranda mai zafi har zuwa Disamba. Bayan haka, an sauko cikin kwalaye.

A karkashin fim

A karkashin zane-zane na fim yana bada kyakkyawar hanyar shuka iri. A} arshen watan Afrilu, shuka tsaba zai fara shuka a ƙarƙashin fim, da za ~ e farkon irin iri. Tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire da tsire-tsire a ƙarshen Oktoba kuma suna tartsatsi.

Kayan fasaha na shirye-shirye na ƙasa da shuka na tsaba shine kama da dasa shuki a cikin ƙasa - nesa na 10-15 cm tsakanin tsire-tsire, rami -15-20 cm Wannan irin shuka ne mai kyau don cimmawa, harbe yana da abokantaka, ana iya girbi amfanin gona bayan makonni 2.

Yadda ake kulawa?

Kulawa bayan dasa shuki wani matashi na farko a kunshe ne a kan weeding weeding, loosening tsakanin layuka, watering, thinning. Thinning ne da za'ayi a mataki na 2-3 gaskiya ganye. Ana ciyar da abinci bayan makonni uku bayan dasa shuki tare da bayani na 0.5 kilogiram na mullein, 15 g na superphosphate da 15 g na potassium sulfate. Lissafi ne lita 10. ruwa.

Babban matsaloli

Kyawawan al'ada ne mai sauƙi ko ma don farawa. Matsalolin da ake girma tare da girma zai iya zama jinkirin shuka germination da talauci mara kyau. Kuma dalilai suna da bambanci - sun shuka tsaba da bushe, ƙare, ƙasa mai nauyi. Ganye yana kan gadajen kowane lambu da faski fashi - daya daga cikin amfanin gona da aka fi so. Tare da kulawa mai sauƙin kulawa da kuɗin kuɗi, wannan tsire-tsire zai yi farin ciki da kyawawan albarkatu da dandano mai kyau.

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