Shuka amfanin gona

Yadda za a shuka da kula da creeping zhivuchka

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Cire creeping creeper itace tsirrai ne wanda aka nuna ta hanyar juriya da kulawa mara kyau. Yana da matukar damuwa ga yanayin yanayin da basu da kyau a kullum, yana jure wa cututtuka da kyau kuma yana da tushe in mun gwada da sauri a sabon wuri mai girma. Wannan fure za ta yi ado da kowane abu. Bugu da ari, wannan labarin zai samar da bayanin fasalin da ke cikin duhu, da cikakken bayani game da dasa shuki da kula da wannan shuka.

Bayani na shuka da shahararrun iri

Zhivuchka (wasu sunaye: "dubnitsa", "Dubrovka", "Vologlodka") - wannan rhizomatous perennial, wanda zai iya girma har zuwa 20-25 cm.

Kwayoyin suna da tsaka-tsalle-tsalle-tsalle, cikakku, zangon ruwa, suna cike tare da gefen gefen gefe kuma kusan dukkanin rufe kayan mai tushe, suna yin nau'i. Furen ƙananan ne da yawa, yawanci blue (a cikin wasu nau'in na iya zama fari, ruwan hoda ko rawaya), waɗanda suka taru a cikin ƙananan ƙwayoyin halitta. Flowering fara a watan Mayu kuma yana da tsawon 1.5-2 makonni.

Ga mai horticulturist, mai da hankali yana da muhimmanci a cikin cewa ya samu nasara a kan tudu kuma ya kiyaye sakamako na ado a cikin lokacin rani. Ya dubi mai girma a cikin gaba na flowerbeds, jituwa ya dace da nunin mai tsayi, yana farawa a cikin tsaunuka tsakanin duwatsu masu ado.

Sauran tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire suna shahararrun: iberis evergreen, stonecrop, carnation, thyme, alissum, periwinkle, saxifrage, rookewell, matasa, primrose.

Za a iya dasa shuka a cikin shaded wurare da kuma karkashin bishiyoyi, inda har ma talakawa ciyawa ba ya girma da kyau. Ya kasance a tsakanin ƙananan bishiyoyi, zai yi nauyin bango da yawa saboda launin tagulla da shunayya, da launin furanni.

Tsuntsun hankulan ya hada da da wadannan iri:

  • Burgundy haske. An dauke shi mafi kyau a tsakanin iri saboda bambancin launin launi. Zai iya hada burgundy, ruwan hoda, kore da kuma jan inuwa a kan wani tushe.
  • Variegata. Bar m launi, kunsha na azurfa, cream, launin toka da kuma kore tabarau. Ba dace da saukowa a wurare masu yawa ba, saboda zai iya rasa ƙarancinta. Tsarin ci gaba shine jinkirin. Yana da wani zaɓi mai kyau don yin amfani da zane mai tsayi.
  • Atropurpurea. Tsire-tsire tana da tsaka-tsalle, madauran fata-purple shades. Bushes su ne ƙananan, karami, suna girma da sauri, suna samar da shinge.
  • Multicolor. Color foliage mamaki picturesque. Su masu launin shuɗi ne ko burgundy tare da smears na kore kore, rawaya da ruwan hoda.
  • Cakulan cakulan. Foliage atypical ga zhivuchek kunkuntar da dan kadan elongated, chestnut launi. Da iri-iri suna da gajeren lokaci, tsarin ci gaba yana da hankali fiye da sauran nau'in. A inflorescence ne mai haske, arziki blue.
  • Black scallop. Ganye suna da launi mai laushi, suna da muni mai zurfi. Idan kun shuka a wuri mai maƙara, tafkin zai zama kusan baki. Ƙananan launi mai launin shuɗi.
  • Variegata rubra. Brown ya fita tare da tinge mai laushi, launuka masu launin shudi suna kusa da blue.
  • Giant kathleen. Mafi yawan nau'in zhivuchek. Rubutun leaf suna da yawa, suna da yawa a kan iyaka.

Fasali na girma

Idan aka la'akari da cewa tsire-tsire zhivuchka tsire-tsire ne wanda ba shi da kyau kuma yana da matsayi mai mahimmanci na sabawa, dasa shuki da kuma kulawa da shi ba zai ba lambu damar matsala ba.

Zaɓi wuri

Dangane da muhimmancin ci gaba da ci gaba da wuri mai girma na fure ba ya wasa. Bayan haka, zai yi girma da kyau a cikin inuwa da rana, dukansu a ƙasa mai yashi da kuma ƙasa mai laushi. Kana buƙatar kulawa da abubuwan da zaɓaɓɓu na musamman, saboda Hasken walƙiya za a iya nunawa a kan ado launi foliage. Ya kamata mu lura cewa mafi yawancin iri kamar haske m inuwa.

Shin kuna sani? Zhivuchka da aka sani domin ta warkar Properties. Yana iya inganta ciwon gurgunta jiki, yana da antiseptic, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory da kuma kayan diaphoretic.

Mutane da yawa masu aikin lambu suna dasa shuki tsire-tsire kusa da itatuwan Trunks ko kusa da shrubs. Zhivuchka yana da tushen tushen tsarin, sabili da haka bazai tsoma baki tare da ci gaba da tushen bishiyoyi, ƙari ba, har ma da taimakawa hana samuwar da kuma yada weeds.

Yana da muhimmanci! Tsuntsaye masu rarrafe ba su iya tsayawa a yayin da dabbobi ko mutane suke tafiya a kan shi, ba ita ce ciyawa ba. Ya kamata a fahimci cewa ginin da aka tattake zai mutu da sauri.

Yankin zaɓi

Tsarin ƙasa mai kyau ga wannan tsire-tsire mai kyau ne, haske, ƙasa mai gudana, wanda yake wuce ruwa da iska sosai. Mafi kyawun zaɓi don saukowa - cakuda yashi, peat, turf ƙasa da humus. Har ila yau, kafin dasa shuki wata shuka, wajibi ne don ƙara malalewa, sassauta kayan shafa da takin gargajiya zuwa ƙasa mai nauyi.

Saukowa zhivuchki

Kan aiwatar da saukowa zhivuchki a bude ƙasa - a fairly sauki aiki. Ana sayen tsaba da kyau a kantin sayar da kayan lambu, kamar yadda suke da kyakkyawar ƙwaya. Ana shuka shuka a cikin bazara, dama a ƙasa mai bude, yayin lokacin da kasar gona ta yi zafi.

Yawancin lokaci wannan shine rabin na Mayu. Idan ba zato ba tsammani za a rage yawan zafin jiki a cikin zafin jiki, injin ba zai mutu ba, tun da yake zai iya jure wa gishiri na gajeren lokaci har zuwa -8 ° C. Ranar dasa shuki ya kasance mai santiri kuma dole ne ya bushe.

Yana da muhimmanci! Wajibi ne a zabi mai kyau "makwabta" don zhivuchki. Ya kamata a tuna cewa wannan tsire-tsire ne mai matukar damuwa, wanda zai iya tsira da nau'in nau'in weeds, mafi kyawun furanni da tsire-tsire. Abun da ke geranium, wardi, carnations da ferns yana yarda - ba za su sha wahala daga zhivuchki ba.

Dokokin kulawa

Kula da wani creeping tentacle ya zo sauka m zuwa thinning thickets, rare watering da ciyar.

Watering

Ya kamata a lura da ban ruwa a kowane lokaci a lokaci mafi muhimmanci ga wanda ya tsira - a cikin dasa shuki da kuma lokacin tsire-tsire da kuma harbe. Dole ne a wanke ƙasa yayin da ta bushe, don inganta rayuwar da tsire-tsire na shuka. A nan gaba, watering ya zama matsakaici, zai fi dacewa kawai a lokacin lokutan fari, saboda zivuchka iya girma ba tare da danshi ba har wata daya.

Top dressing

Kamar yadda abinci da ƙarin taki shine mafi kyau don amfani da kwayoyin. Cunkuda da aka yi da nama, peat, itace ash da takin zai yi. Zaka iya yin safiyar ƙasa a ƙarƙashin tushen a cikin ruwa ko a cikin bushe - sprinkling da shuka tare da shuka a saman ganye da kuma mai tushe. Wani lokaci zaka iya yin da takin mai magani ma'adinai. Magungunan da suka dace ko magungunan phosphorus-potassium zasuyi.

Kariya akan cututtuka da kwari

Tsuntsu mai motsi kusan kusan shuka ne kawai kusan bazai ciwo ba. Wannan fure ne kawai zai iya cutar da cututtukan fungal. Zai iya sha wahala idan akwai ƙarfin ƙarfe ko tsoma ƙasa. Wani cuta ne tushen rot. Alamar alama ce ta lalacewa, mai laushi, a kan launin fata wanda launin ruwan kasa ko datti masu launin rawaya sun kafa.

Don tabbatar da cewa lahira yana samuwa a kan tushen tsarin, dole ne a gwada shuka don ganin launin toka da launin ruwan kasa a kan asalinsu.

Ya kamata a zubar da ƙananan bishiyoyi, da kuma sauran wuraren da ya shafa da aka yayyafa su tare da ƙwayar mai. Bugu da ƙari, ana iya biyan kasar gona tare da furotin. M da kwayoyi: "Topaz", "Rovral", "Skor", "Fundazol."

Amma ga kwari, zhivuchka iya mamaki kawai da katantanwa da slugs. Wannan shi ne saboda gaskiyar cewa abubuwa da suke cikin abun da ke cikin tsire-tsire sun dakatar da bunƙasa zuriya masu kwari, don haka ba su son shi.

Amma gallusks na lambun suna janyo hankalin su da tsintsiya, tsire-tsire, waxanda suke kusan wuri mai kyau don mazauninsu. Snails abinci a kan m foliage na tentacles, a sakamakon wanda kawai bakin ciki veins kasance.

Don yin yaki da katantanwa da slugs, zaka iya yin amfani da sunadaran sinadarai, irin su molluscicides na "Meta" ko "Thunderstorms". Daga mutanen warkarwa na al'umma yana da daraja lura da tasirin mustard foda, ko kuma barkono mai zafi. Za a iya yayyafa tsire-tsire da waɗannan nau'ikan a cikin bushe, ko kuma za ku iya shirya wani bayani daga gare su da kuma yadar da tsire-tsire har sai slugs da katantanwa sun ɓace daga shafin.

Shin kuna sani? Gasa ganye, kazalika da matasa harbe na creeping zhivuchki amfani da matsayin kayan yaji domin kifi yi jita-jita, kuma quite sau da yawa kara salads.

Yadda za a shimfida wani shuka

A cikin masu rarrafe, za a iya haifuwa ta tsaba, amma kawai ta waɗanda aka saya a kantin lambu. Gaskiyar ita ce, kayan shuka, wanda aka tattara daga kansa daga shuke-shuke varietal, zai ba da zuriya waɗanda ba za su kasance kama da iyaye ba.

Mafi yawan samfurori da aka gane da tsarin vegetative. A farkon lokacin bazara, rhizomes sun kasu kashi biyu da rabi na 23-27. Girma delenki zuwa zurfin zurfi ba lallai ba ne. Watering yana buƙatar yawanci da yawa a cikin makon farko, har sai tushen ya bayyana.

Rukuni na yanki kan kanti. Ana iya yin wannan a cikin lokacin rani. Dole ne a dasa shuki a nesa na 12-15 cm Domin kwanakin bakwai na farko, seedlings na bukatar m watering.

Ana shirya don hunturu

An riga an ce cewa mai karfi ne mai tsire-tsire. Duk da haka, a cikin magunguna masu tsanani, musamman idan babu ruwan dusar ƙanƙara, yana buƙatar ƙarin zafi da tsari. Ga waɗannan dalilai, za ka iya amfani da foliage mai laushi ko laka. Yana da mahimmanci a rufe kananan tsire-tsire masu girma a kan shafin don shekara ta farko.

Kamar yadda zaku ga, zane-zane yana da mahimmanci da sauƙi. Zai iya zama abin ado ga kowane lambun, yayin da bai kula da kansa ba kuma ba a fallasa shi da cututtuka da kwari ba.

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