Kayan lambu

Muna girma da tumatir "Polfast F1" - bayanin irin iri-iri da asirin girma

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Hybrids tumatir sun fi sauƙin girma fiye da iri iri. Suna da amfani, suna da tsayayya ga cututtuka, 'ya'yan itatuwa suna da sauri kuma suna da dandano mai kyau.

Mai haske mai wakilci na iyalin Hollanda - Halitta F1, wanda aka bada shawarar don noma a cikin gadajen gadaje ko a karkashin fim.

Karanta a cikin labarin mu cikakken bayanin irin wadannan nau'o'in, mu fahimci peculiarities na namo da sauran halaye. Za mu kuma gaya maka game da wace cututtuka iri-iri da ke da matukar damuwa, kuma wacce za su buƙaci wasu prophylaxis.

Tumatir "Polfast F1": bayanin irin iri-iri

Sunan sunaHalf azumi
Janar bayaninTabbatar da wuri cikakke matasan
OriginatorHolland
RubeningKwanaki 90-105
Form'Ya'yan itãcen marmari ne mai laushi-ƙaddara tare da tsinkaye
LauniRed
Tsarin tumatir na tsakiya100-140 grams
Aikace-aikacenYa dace da sabo mai amfani, dafa abinci, da dankali, da gefe, da ruwan 'ya'yan itace
Yanayi iri3-6 kg kowace murabba'in mita
Fasali na girmaTsarin tsarin Agrotechnika
Cutar juriyaKyakkyawar maganin cutar

F1 rabin azumi - tsaka-tsire-tsire-tsire masu girma. Gida yana da kayyade, karami, har zuwa 65 cm high. Tsarin gundin kore shi ne matsakaici, leaf yana da sauki, babban, kore duhu.

'Ya'yan itãcen marmari sunadara tare da goge na 4-6 guda. Yawan aiki ne mai kyau, daga 1 square. Matakan dasa zasu iya tattara daga 3 zuwa 6 kilogiram na tumatir da aka zaba.

'Ya'yan itacen suna da tsaka-tsaka, tsalle-tsalle, tare da tsinkaye a cikin tushe. Girman nauyin daga 100 zuwa 140. A lokacin girkewa, launi na tumatir ya sauya daga koreren kore zuwa mai launi, mai launi, ba tare da aibobi ba.

Ƙananan, amma m kwasfa daidai kare 'ya'yan itatuwa daga fatattaka. Naman jiki ne ƙananan iri, matsakaici mai yawa, m. Ku ɗanɗani ne cikakke, ba ruwa, mai dadi. Babban abun ciki na sugars da bitamin sun ba mu damar bada shawarar 'ya'yan itatuwa ga baby baby abinci.

Nauyin nau'i na 'ya'yan itatuwa iri-iri ana iya kwatanta da wasu ta amfani da tebur:

Sunan sunaNauyin nauyin abinci
Half azumi100-140 grams
Labrador80-150 grams
Rio Grande100-115 grams
Leopold80-100 grams
Orange Rasha 117280 grams
Shugaba 2300 grams
Wild tashi300-350 grams
Liana Pink80-100 grams
Apple Spas130-150 grams
Locomotive120-150 grams
Honey Drop10-30 grams
Karanta kuma a kan shafin yanar gizonmu: Menene tumatir na marigayi marigayi kuma wane matakan kariya akan shi suna da tasiri? Waɗanne iri ne masu maganin wannan cuta?

Waɗanne cututtuka ne mafi yawancin fallasa su zuwa tumatir a greenhouses kuma ta yaya za a iya sarrafa su? Menene irin tumatir ba su da alaka da cututtuka masu girma?

Asali da Aikace-aikacen

An yi amfani da matasan na Yankin Dutch don namo tumatir a cikin ƙasa mai bude da kuma mafakar fim. 'Ya'yan itãcen marmari da sauƙi a ɗaure a ƙananan zafin jiki kuma sunyi sanyi. Tumatir suna da kyau adana, da za a iya hawa.. 'Ya'yan itãcen marmari' ya'yan itatuwa suna da sauri a dakin da zazzabi

Salatin 'ya'yan itatuwa, masu dacewa da sabon amfani, shirye-shiryen abinci na naman alade, da dankali mai dankali, gefen dafa abinci, soups. Su cikakke tumatir juya waje m lokacin farin ciki ruwan 'ya'yan itace.

Hotuna

Zaka iya dubawa da hankali tare da tumatir iri-iri "Half Fast F1" a cikin hoton da ke ƙasa:

Ƙarfi da raunana

Daga cikin manyan abubuwanda ke amfani da su:

  • kyakkyawan dandano 'ya'yan itace;
  • jure yanayin sanyi da fari;
  • yiwuwar namo a bude ƙasa;
  • karamin daji wanda baya buƙatar tsari;
  • jure wa cututtuka masu girma (fusarium, verticillus).
  • Kyakkyawan amfanin ƙasa.

Ba a ganin rashin lafiya a cikin tumatir. Iyakar wahalar da aka saba wa duk matasan shine rashin iyawa don tattara tsaba don amfanin gona na gaba daga cikakke 'ya'yan itace.

Ana nuna yawan amfanin gonar tumatir a cikin tebur da ke ƙasa:

Sunan sunaYawo
Half azumi3-6 kg kowace murabba'in mita
Bony m14-16 kg kowace murabba'in mita
Aurora F113-16 kg kowace murabba'in mita
Leopold3-4 kg daga wani daji
Sanka15 kg kowace murabba'in mita
Argonaut F14.5 kilogiram daga wani daji
Kibits3.5 kg daga wani daji
Siberia nauyi11-12 kg da murabba'in mita
Honey Cream4 kilogiram kowace mita mita
Ob domes4-6 kg daga wani daji
Marina Grove15-17 kg da murabba'in mita

Fasali na girma

Ana shuka tsaba don seedlings a rabi na biyu na Maris. Ba lallai ba ne don aiwatarwa da kuma jiƙa da iri, shi ya wuce dukkan hanyoyin da ake bukata kafin a sayar. Don seedlings shirya lantarki na gina jiki ƙasa daga cakuda lambu ƙasa tare da humus. Ƙananan rabo daga wanke yashi yashi da itace ash an ƙara zuwa ga substrate.

Ana shuka tsaba da zurfin 2 cm, an yadu kasar gona da ruwan dumi kuma an rufe shi da tsare. Don germination yana bukatar yawan zazzabi na digiri 24-25. Bayan fitowar sun fara, za'a iya saukar da zazzabi a cikin dakin da kuma kwantena da aka gyara zuwa haske. Don ci gaban ci gaba dole ne ya haskaka fitilu. Bayan bayyanar da na farko na bangaskiya na gaskiya, da tsire-tsire suna da ruwa kuma suna ciyar da ƙananan ma'adinai.

Matasan fara farawa 'ya'yan itace sosai, farkon' ya'yan itatuwa sun fara a cikin kwanaki 52 bayan dasa shuki a cikin ƙasa. Ana shuka tsire-tsire da nisa na 40-50 cm daga juna, a farkon kwanakin saukowa, zaka iya rufe fim din. Watering tare da ruwan dumi mai dadi, kamar yadda topsoil ta kafe. A lokacin kakar, tumatir suna ciyar da sau 3-4 tare da taki bisa potassium da phosphorus.

Cututtuka da kwari

Kayan tumatir "Polufast F1" yayi maganin cututtuka masu girma. Kafin sayar da tsaba ana bi da su tare da kwayoyi wanda ya kara yawan kariya daga tsire-tsire. Don yin rigakafin fungal da cututtukan cututtukan hoto, shuke-shuke da tsire-tsire za a iya fesa su da wani bayani mai karfi na potassium permanganate ko phytosporin. A alamun farko na martaba, ana kula da tsire-tsire da shirye-shirye na jan ƙarfe.

M matakan da zai iya hana kariya daga cututtuka.: loosening na kasar gona, halakar weeds, matsakaicin amma m watering a yanayin dumi.

Half-azumi shine kyakkyawan zabi ga masu cin ganyayyaki masu rai da ke zaune a yankuna tare da yanayin sanyi. An samu nasarar samar da ovaries a yanayin zafi mai zurfi, 'ya'yan itatuwa waɗanda aka tattara suna baza tare da matsaloli a gida ba.

Matsakaici da wuriƘariMid-kakar
IvanovichTaurari na MoscowPink giwa
TimofeyZamaHarkokin Crimson
Black truffleLeopoldOrange
RosalizShugaba 2Gashin goshi
Sugar giantAyyukan PickleDaɗin zaki Strawberry
Giant orangePink ImpreshnLabarin launi
Ɗaya daga cikin famAlphaYellow ball

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