Kayan lambu

Premium Turai Asterix Dankali: iri-iri description, photo, halaye

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A yau za mu gabatar da ku ga dankali na Turai, wanda, a kan kwanan nan da aka shuka a kasashen CIS, ya zama daya daga cikin shahararrun iri a Rasha da kasashen waje.

Wannan ya inganta ta hanyar dandano mai ban sha'awa, da sauran wasu kyawawan dabi'un da suka sanya shi kusan duniya.

A cikin labarinmu za ku sami duka cikakkun bayanai game da iri-iri da halaye, haɓaka da namo, da hali ga cututtuka da kuma kai hari ta hanyar kwari.

Dankali Asterix: bayanin iri-iri

Sunan sunaAsterix
Babban halayenmatsakaici matsakaici tebur iri-iri Yaren mutanen Holland da zaɓi tare da yawan amfanin ƙasa
Gestation lokacinKwanaki 120-130
Aminiya abun ciki14-17%
Mass na kasuwanci tubers65-110 g
Yawan tubers a cikin daji6-11
Yawo137-217 (iyakar - 276) c / ha
Kayan amfanikyau dandano, matsakaici matsakaici, dace da dafa abinci chips da fries fries
Abubuwan da suka faru91%
Skin launijan
Pulp launirawaya
Yankuna da suka fi soMiddle Volga, Far Eastern
Cutar juriyaMai saukin kamuwa da shi a kan ciwon bam a kan bottova;
Fasali na girmaHadin ƙasa mai matsakaicin da ake buƙatar da ake bukata, wanda ya dace da watering
OriginatorHZPC Holland B.V. (Holland)

An samo dankalin turawa Asterix saboda kokarin masu shayarwa a Holland, kuma an jera shi a cikin Lissafi na Ƙasashe na Rasha a yankin tsakiyar Volga tun 1998. Yana da nau'o'in tsire-tsire-tsire-tsire, tsire-tsire masu cike da ciyayi na tsawon kwanaki 100-120 bayan na farko.

Matsakaicin yawan amfanin ƙasa zai iya bambanta nau'in 137-217 a kowace hectare. Ba shi yiwuwa a yi duhu daga lalacewar jiki, sa shi cikakke ga harkokin sufuri na dogon lokaci.

Bugu da ƙari, yana da matsayi mai mahimmanci, wanda ya ba shi da ajiyar ajiya a cikin cellars ko kayan ajiyar kayan lambu a lokacin dukan yanayi. Kasuwancin 'ya'yan itatuwa da aka bari yana cikin yankin 71 - 91%.

Kuma a teburin da ke ƙasa zaka iya ganin abin da ake samu da kuma yawan marketability of tubers a wasu dankalin turawa iri:

Sunan sunaYawan aiki (c / ha)Karuwar kasuwancin Tuber (%)
Asterix137-217 (iyakar - 276)91
Lemongrass195-32096
Melody180-64095
Margarita300-40096
Alladin450-50094
Ƙarfin zuciya160-43091
Beauty400-45094
Grenada60097
A uwar gida180-38095

Kara karantawa game da ajiyar dankali: lokaci da zazzabi, wurare da matsaloli masu yiwuwa. Kuma yadda za a adana asalinsu a cikin hunturu, a cikin ɗakin da kan baranda, a cikin kwalaye, a cikin firiji da kuma peeled.

Kwayoyin su ne m da oblong, matsakaicin matsakaicin da kuma yin la'akari daga 70 zuwa 120 g. Fata ne mai yawa (wannan shine wanda yake bada juriya ga lalacewar injiniya), mai launin ruwan hoda. Idanun da ke kan fuskarsa sun zama kadan. Jiki shine launin launi mai haske mai laushi, abun ciki mai sitaci, kamar yawancin iri na gaba, yana da yawa - daga 14 zuwa 17%. Yawancin lokaci wata shuka tana nuna kusan 10 zuwa 12 irin wannan kyakkyawan tubers.

Adadin sitaci a cikin dankalin turawa daga wasu nau'o'in:

Sunan sunaTsari
Asterix14-17%
Lady bayyana12-16%
Innovatorhar zuwa 15%
Labella13-15%
Bellarosa12-16%
Riviera12-16%
Karatop11-15%
Veneta13-15%
Gala14-16%
Zhukovsky da wuri10-12%
Lorch15-20%

Bushes a cikin wannan iri-iri ne tsayayye kuma tsayi sosai. Bi da matsakaiciyar nau'i tare da zartar da hanzari. Ganyayyaki suna ƙananan, duhu mai duhu tare da ƙananan hankalinsu a gefuna. Hannun furanni na furanni masu launin ja-purple, suna fure da kyau, amma da sauri suna kashewa.

Karanta kuma mahimman bayanai game da dukiyar dankali.

Mene ne hadarin ciwon haɗari, da amfani da damuwa na dankali mai dankali, me yasa yasa yake ci gaba da sha ruwan 'ya'yan itace?

Hotuna

Duba a kasa: dankalin turawa iri-iri Asterix hoto

Fasali na girma

Asterix dankali, wanda ba a banza ba ne don nau'in tebur, kuma zai zama abin ado ga kowane tebur. Jikinsa ba shi da kaddarorin ya yi duhu a lokacin zafi, kuma, baya, yana da friability. Saboda haka, ya dace da dafa abinci mai gurasa da kuma burodi. Na dabam, Ina so in lura da cewa wannan dankalin turawa iri-iri ke sa kyawawan kwakwalwan kwamfuta.

Game da fasahar noma - dasa shuki da kulawa, yana da dama daga cikin nuances. Asterix ba shi da kyau game da zabi na nau'in ƙasaDuk da haka, tana tasowa mafi kyau a yankin da tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire ko tsire-tsire masu girma sun girma a gabansa.

Ana ba da shawarar dasa shuki kayan lambu a cikin watan Afrilu, lokacin da kasar gona ta yi farin ciki ga 7 ° C da kuma hadari na sake dawowa daga baya. Idan baku san yadda za a shuka ba, to, mutane da yawa sun bada shawara kan makirci na 70 x 35.

Wato, a tsakanin layuka dankali, kuna juyawa da 70 cm, kuma tsakanin ramuka a cikin layuka da kansu ta hanyar 35 cm. Mafi kyawun digging zurfin seedlings zai zama 7 - 10 cm.

Don ƙarin kulawa da tsire-tsire kana buƙatar tunawa da wasu dokoki na musamman.:

  • Asterix ya haɓaka da haɗari. Na farko shine za'a fara kwanaki biyar bayan dasa shuki kayan, sannan kuma sau biyu kafin fitowar harbe da karshe 2 bayan su.
  • Har ila yau, wannan iri-iri yana amsa sosai ga takin mai magani, musamman ga taki. Yin amfani da wannan na iya kara yawan amfanin ku ta fiye da 50%;

    Ƙara bayani game da yadda za a ciyar da dankali, lokacin da yadda ake amfani da takin mai magani da kuma ko wajibi ne don yin hakan a lokacin da dasa shuki, abin da feedings shine mafi kyau kuma me yasa ake bukata ma'adanai.

  • Da iri-iri na buƙatar yawan adadin haske da iska, don haka ƙasa ta buƙaci a kiyaye shi a ƙasa kuma kyauta daga weeds. Shirya tsakanin layuka babbar taimako ne a wannan.
  • Kuma a nan Ba ya buƙatar yawancin ruwa, zaku iya yin uku kawai a daidai lokacin: a karo na farko nan da nan bayan fitowar harbe, na biyu a lokacin bayyanar buds da na ƙarshe bayan cikar lokacin flowering;
  • Ba tare da buƙatar ciyarwa na musamman ba, don daya kakar uku feedings zai zama quite isa. Zai fi dacewa don amfani da kwayoyi waɗanda suke samar da tushen tsarin, kuma hakan ya haifar da bayyanar mai kyau da kyau. Misali, superphosphate na granular.
Muhimmanci! Kada kayi amfani da abubuwa tare da babban abun ciki na nitrogen, saboda lokacin da ya cika da ƙasa, dankali na wannan kotu zai mutu.
Kula da dankali yawanci ya hada da fasaha da hanyoyin da ta dace.

Karanta bayanai masu amfani game da ko tsawan dutse wajibi ne don dankali, maimakon aiwatar da wannan hanya - da hannu ko yin amfani da mai amfani, ko zaka iya samun amfanin gona mai kyau ba tare da weeding da hilling ba.

Cututtuka da kwari

Late Blight

Ammunancin Asterix yana nuna juriya mai kyau ga fusarium, ciwon daji, nematode na zinariya, fomoz da leaf curl.

Duk da haka, raunin shi shine cutar Y, wanda ba'a kiyaye wannan iri-iri ba. Y cutar - ita ce cutar mafi hatsari ga dukan al'adun dankalin turawa. Idan tsire-tsirenku sun samu kamuwa da su, to tabbas ba zai yiwu a shawo kan shi ba.

Saboda haka, mafi kyawun kariya za su kasance matakan da zai kare ka dankali daga wannan cuta.

Daga cikinsu akwai:

  • Kwayar cutar na iya jurewa a cikin rassan shuka, don haka cike da tsire-tsire da tsire-tsire na dankalin turawa ya kamata a lalace a dacewa;
  • Aphids da cicadas - na iya zama masu sufurin wannan cuta, saboda haka dalili yana bada shawarar zuwa fesa dankalin turawa dankalin turawa tare da hadaddun kwari akan wadannan kwari;

Gyara gyaran gona ta atomatik ta amfani da nau'i mai yuwuwar Y zai iya kare tsarinka daga sama har shekara guda. Karanta ma game da irin wannan cututtuka na dankalin turawa kamar yadda suke canzawa, marigayi blight na ganye da tubers, scab, verticillous wilt.

Idan muka yi bayani game da ƙwayoyin kwari, manyan matsalolin lambu suna samarda su da Colorado beetles da larvae, da bea, da dankalin turawa, da tsinkayen waya. Akwai hanyoyi masu mahimmanci don magance su, tare da mafiya rinjaye za ku iya samun shafin yanar gizon mu:

  1. Yadda za a rabu da waya a cikin gonar.
  2. Muna yaki tare da Medvedka tare da taimakon ilmin sunadarai da magunguna.
  3. Kwayar dankali da zai taimaka wajen kawar da kwayar cutar: kwayoyi 1 da kwayoyi 2.
  4. Bari mu bi da dankalin turawa na Colorado - hanyoyin mutane da sunadarai:
    • Aktara.
    • Regent
    • Mai girma.
    • Corado.

Ana iya ba da shawara ga likitancin dankali Poterix don samun lambu, domin, a fili, yana bukatar wasu kulawa da kariya. Duk da haka, yana da karin amfani, don haka idan kana da tabbacin halinka, to lallai ya kamata ka kula da shi.

Dangane da tsayayya da lalacewa da tanadin ajiya na dadewa, yana da cikakke don sayarwa a cikin yawa.

Karanta abubuwan da ke ban sha'awa game da hanyoyi daban-daban na girma dankali: fasahar Holland da samani na farko, ƙarƙashin bambaro, cikin jaka, a cikin ganga, a cikin kwalaye. Kuma kuma wace} asashen ke shuka dankali mafi yawan, wa] annan irin wa] annan iri iri ne, a {asar Russia, yadda za a mayar da dankalin turawa, a cikin kasuwancin da ake amfani da ita.

Haka kuma muna ba da shawarar ku fahimci wasu nau'o'in da ke da nauyin fasali:

SuperstoreTsufa da wuriMatsakaici da wuri
FarmerBellarosaInnovator
MinervaTimoMai kyau
KirandaSpringMatar Amurka
KaratopArosaKrone
JuvelImpalaBayyana
MeteorZorachkaElizabeth
Zhukovsky da wuriColetteVega
RivieraKamenskyTiras

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