Kayan lambu

Hanyoyi mafi kyau don adana karas a cikin hunturu da kuma yadda za a tono da kuma shirya kayan lambu

Загрузка...

A lokacin sanyi, kuna so ku faranta wa kanku rai tare da kayan lambu mai dadi. Juye mai dadi mai dadi yana ƙaunar da manya da yara.

Wannan kayan lambu mai haske mai arziki ne a cikin bitamin da kuma ma'adanai, kuma a cikin hunturu, lokacin da jikinmu bai da abinci, cinye karas ne kawai ba zai zama dadi ba, amma har lafiya. Ƙarin bayani game da yadda za a adana karas a cikin labarinmu.

Fasali na kayan lambu

Za'a iya amfani da nauyin abun da ke ciki da kuma tsarin karas don ajiya, kuma ko da yake wannan kayan lambu ba shi da mahimmanci, yana buƙatar biyan takamaiman wasu sharuɗɗa.

Don a kiyaye da karas, wajibi ne a lura da lokacin shuka yayin dasa, kuma girbi ya kamata a duba shi akai-akai don alamun lalacewa ko lalacewar cututtukan fungal.

Dabbobi masu dacewa

A kwanan wata, ya kawo nau'o'in da yawa da nau'o'in karas, tare da rayuwa mai yawa. Ana kiran abincin Karas "Karan karas", wanda ma yana da nasa iri:

  • farkon maturing
  • tsakiyar kakar;
  • marigayi balaga
Muhimmanci! Amma ba dukkanin karas ba su dace da ajiya na dogon lokaci.

Babu shakka cewa mafi alhẽri kiyaye su har sai spring irin karas musamman tsara domin wannan:

  1. Matukar tsufa:

    • Bangor - babban, m, mai dadi matasan na karas. Adana har sai spring, ba tare da rasa dandano bayanai;
    • Laguna - cuta-resistant matasan, wanda ba ji tsoron sanyi. Yana da dandano mai kyau da kyakkyawar gabatarwa.
  2. Tsakanin kakar:

    • "Vitamin" - iri-iri yana da sanyi ga sanyi yayin da aka keɓe musamman domin dogon ajiya. Irin wannan karas ne mafi kyau idan aka kwatanta da sauran;
    • "Samson" - kulawa mara kyau, yana da dandano mai kyau, dace da yankuna tare da kowane yanayi;
    • "Shantane" - iri-iri ne marar kyau ga ƙasa, tsayayye ga fashewa, yana da dandano mai dadi da yawa.
  3. Ƙarshen balaga

    • Flaccore - mai haske orange manyan kayan lambu kayan lambu, resistant zuwa cututtuka;
    • "Queen of Autumn" - quite wani nau'i-nau'i iri-iri, ƙyama lokacin da aka shafe shi, ba zai yiwu ba;
    • "Carlena" - maras kyau lokacin da girma, yawan amfanin ƙasa, wanda aka tsara don ajiya na dogon lokaci.

Duration na ajiya a hanyoyi daban-daban

Yaya mafi kyau kuma ya fi tsayi don kiyaye karas har sai bazara, da kuma yadda za a yi a gida, don kada ya bushe a cikin hunturu? Karas suna da wuya a adana, amma idan ka zaɓi hanya madaidaiciya - zaka iya ajiye kayan lambu na dogon lokaci.

Carrot lokacin ajiya:

  1. Daga 2 zuwa 3 watanni - a cikin jaka filastik.
  2. Daga watanni 4 zuwa 5 - a paraffin.
  3. Daga watanni 5 zuwa 7 - a cikin kwalaye.
  4. Daga 6 zuwa 8 watanni - a cikin yashi.
  5. 1 shekara - a lãka.
  6. 1 shekara - a cikin allura.

Shiri

Don tabbatar da yanayin ajiya mafi kyau ga karas, da farko kana buƙatar ka shirya a hankali don wannan, da kuma ajiyar ajiya na karas fara da girbi. Ya dogara da wannan a hanyoyi da yawa na tsawon lokacin da za'a iya adana amfanin gonar, kiyaye kayan amfanin da ya dace.

Girbi

Yadda za a tono karas don ajiya? Wata mahimmanci ga adana amfanin gonar amfanin gona shine tsaftacewa a kwanan wata (marigayi Satumba - kamar farkon Oktoba). Amma ba'a da shawarar yin shakka tare da tsabtatawa, tare da ruwan sama mai tsawo na ruwa da karas ne cikakke tare da danshi, crack kuma rasa halayen dandano.

Zaka iya tono kayan lambu tare da cokali na lambu, don kada ya lalace amfanin gona mai tushe, kuma yana da kyawawa don yin wannan a yanayin bushe. Bayan digging, bar shi don bushe a cikin inuwa. Daga baya, ana yada karas ɗin a cikin wani bakin ciki mai zurfi da kuma ajiyayyu a yanayin zafi kadan don 1-2 makonni, a wane lokaci ne irin "zabin yanayi" ya faru.

Dug karas ya kamata a ware. Zaɓi mafi kyau kayan lambu mai kyau. Idan ya cancanta, tsabtace su daga ƙasa kuma a yanka mafi girma.

Yanayi

Karas - kayan lambu, waɗanda suke buƙatar yanayi na musamman. Don adana shi kana buƙatar tsabta mai tsabta, wuri mai tsabta tare da zafin jiki mai dacewa.

Wuri

Tip! Don zaɓar wurin da kake buƙatar tuna cewa asalin sun fi kyau a adana a cikin duhu, mai sanyi ɗakin da zafi na akalla 90%.

Yawancin lokaci amfani da ginshiki ko cellar. Idan babu irin waɗannan wurare kuma dole ka ajiye kayan lambu ba tare da cellar ba, a cikin ɗaki, to, Zai fi kyau a yi amfani da ɗakin ajiya, ko sanya karas a cikin wani wuri mai sanyi na ɗakinAlal misali, kusa da ƙofar baranda, a baranda ko a firiji.

Kada ka adana karas kusa da batura da masu zafi. Temperatuwan da yawa yana shafar kare amfanin gona.

Hakanan zaka iya amfani da daskarewa idan kana buƙatar daska kayan lambu.

Janar dokoki

Duk da hanyar kuma a wace irin yanayi za a adana karamin, Dole ne ku bi wasu dokoki don adanawa:

  • Ya kamata a tsabtace karas a lokaci, tsabtace, zaba, dried, ba lalace, ba tare da frostbite;
  • an buƙatar wurin da aka shirya da wuri tare da duk yanayi mafi kyau don adana kayan lambu;
  • zabi wani akwati mai dacewa;
  • Kada ka manta game da lokacin ajiyar kuɗin tushen.

Hanyar hanyoyin ajiya

Akwai hanyoyi daban-daban na ajiya waɗanda zaka iya zaɓar mafi dacewa:

  1. Adana karas a cikin yashi.

    Don yin wannan, yi amfani da yashi mai yadu da aka girbe (lokacin da aka saka a hannun hannu, yashi yashi ya kamata ba crumble). Wannan yana da amfani a cikin yashi na kare karas daga bushewa da kuma hana cututtuka daban-daban.

    Taimako! A kasan akwatin zubar da yashi 3-5 cm lokacin farin ciki, to, ku sa karas a wani ɗan gajeren nisa daga juna, bayan da bayanan yashi na gaba ya wuce, don haka madadin kara.
  2. Watch bidiyo game da adana karas a cikin yashi:

  3. A cikin sawdust.

    Bukatar amfani da coniferous sawdust. Godiya ga abubuwa masu cutar antibacterial da cewa needles sun ƙunshi, asali za a kiyaye shi daga cutar fungi da kwayoyin cuta. Dole ne a yi daidai da hanyar yashi.

  4. Watch bidiyo game da adanar karas a coniferous sawdust:

  5. A cikin yumbu.

    Wajibi ne don tsarke lãka tare da ruwa zuwa daidaito na kirim mai tsami. Sa'an nan kuma, sanya kayan shafa filastik a kasan akwatin, ya shimfiɗa karamin karas da zuba shi da yumbu.

    Lokacin da bayani ya bushe - zaka iya sa wani Layer na karas, zuba laka, da dai sauransu. Akwai wata hanya ta adana karas a lãka. Dole ne a tsoma tsire-tsire ta farko a cikin bayani a tafarnuwa, to, a cikin yumbu; Bari bushe kuma saka a cikin akwati ko akwatin.

  6. Filaye jaka.

    Polyethylene yana riƙe da danshi, wanda ya zama dole domin karas. Zai fi dacewa don amfani da jaka tare da damar 5 kg da sama. Jaka bukatar a bar bude, don haka karas ba zai ci ba.

  7. A cikin tafarnuwa husk.

    Ƙananan mai mai yaduwa da yadudduka na tafarnuwa ba su yarda da albarkatu masu tushe suyi ɓata ba. Dokokin shimfidawa daidai ne da yashi ko allura.

  8. A cikin kwalbar lita 3.

    Zaka iya sanya karas a cikin kwalba idan kana da bit daga gare shi. Zaka iya adana a cikin firiji, a kan baranda ko kusa da ƙofar baranda, dangane da yanayin.

  9. A cikin daskarewa.

    Karas buƙatar shirya a gaba, tsabtace shi, sara da bushe. Bayan haka, toshe cikin kwantena (kwantena filastik, jaka filastik, jakunkun jaka, da dai sauransu) da kuma sanya a cikin daskarewa. Ana iya adana karas a gishiri fiye da watanni uku.

Bugu da ƙari, ana amfani da kaya da gangami na musamman don adana karas.

Zazzabi

Da zazzabi don adanar karas yana taka muhimmiyar rawa. Idan zafin jiki ya yi ƙasa da ƙasa, asalinsu na iya samun sanyi, idan ya yi yawa, za a cire ƙaro daga karas kuma nan da nan za ta bushe. Kyakkyawan zaɓi shine kyawawan ɗaki (cellar, ginshiki), tare da yawan zafin jiki na -1 zuwa digiri 5, to ana iya adana karas na dogon lokaci.

Mene ne idan babu wani cellar?

Ta yaya za ku adana shi? Idan babu ginshiki, Zaka iya adana karas a gida a cikin firiji, kunsa shi cikin jakar filastikko a cikin takalmin ruwa a kan baranda mai zafi, inda zazzabi zai kasance kusa da 2+.

Yaya za a yi a gida?

Yadda za a ajiye babban tsari na mafi kyau? Idan kana so ka samar da kanka tare da karas sabo don hunturu, amma akwai wuri ajiya a cikin gida, zaka iya amfani da wadannan zaɓuɓɓuka:

  • A cikin firiji.

    Hanya mafi kyau don adana karas a cikin firiji, a cikin kwalaye kayan lambu, saboda yanayin yanayin zafi mafi dacewa. Kada ka sanya fiye da 6 karas a cikin jaka, ka sanya jakar daga cikin jaka kamar yadda ya yiwu, to, ka ɗaure su sosai. Za a adana amfanin gona mai tushe a cikin firiji ya fi tsayi, amma zai iya ciwo idan an sanya shi kusa da sauran kayan lambu.

  • A cikin bankuna.

    Don adana karas, kwalba ya kamata a shirya: kurkura (zai fi dacewa da ruwan zãfi) da bushe. Sa'an nan kuma sanya karas a cikinsu a cikin wani Layer Layer, saboda haka akwai sarari tsakanin sararin kayan lambu. Ka bar cikin dakin duhu, ba tare da rufe murfin ba.

  • A kan baranda.

    Kafin ka saka karas a cikin baranda, dole ne ka kare shi daga datti, ƙura, da hasken rana. A cikin ƙura zai iya zama cututtukan kwayoyin cutar da zasu iya lalacewa sosai.

    Hankali! Ajiye karas a kan baranda yana yiwuwa ne kawai kafin farkon farkon sanyi.
  • A karkashin gado.

    Dole ne a raba kayan lambu a cikin ɗayan daya don kada su taɓa, to, ku yayyafa da albasa barkono.

Idan an yi wa karas

Idan akwai buƙatar ci gaba da wankewa, karas sabo ne, sa'an nan kuma ya kamata a tuna cewa za'a adana shi har tsawon makonni 2. Don yin wannan, kuna buƙatar saka shi cikin jakar filastik kuma ku bar cikin firiji.

Zaka iya amfani da wani zaɓi, wankewar daskarewa da kuma karas a cikin daskarewa. A can za a adana shi har shekara guda, amma zai rasa rubutun da kuma dandano mai kyau.

Menene ya yi da kananan asalinsu?

Idan, a lokacin da ake shirya karas don ajiya, ƙananan kuma basu da kyau sosai sun bar, kada a jefa su, saboda duk kayan lambu zasu iya amfani. Ƙananan karas suna da kyau don dacewa da gidan gida, wanda shine babban hanya don adana karas don hunturu. Don ajiye kananan karas don hunturu, ana iya bushe shi.

A cikin cellar

Akwai wasu takamaiman dokoki waɗanda dole ne a biyo bayan adana kayan lambu a cikin wani cellar a gida:

  1. Shirya dakin. Yi bar iska ta shiga da sanitize wurin domin sanyi, rigar da tsabta.
  2. Zabi kwandon da gurasar, wanda za'a adana karas.
  3. Ka guje wa canjin canji na kwatsam.
  4. Samar da kariya mafi kyau a cikin cellar daga ƙazanta, kwayoyin da mold.
  5. Sanya zaba, shirya ajiya na karas.
  6. Kada ka sanya wasu nau'in kayan lambu kusa da karas.

A kan yadda za a adana kullun a cikin dumi cellar, a ƙasa kuma a kan gadaje, karanta kowane abu na shafinmu.

Kurakurai

Kuskuren kuskure:

  1. Shirya shiri na tushen. Idan karar ba ta bushe ko kuma akwai kayan lambu maras lafiya, yiwuwar shine 100% cewa duk amfanin gona za a rushe.
  2. Uncleed dakin. Dirt da ƙura sun ƙunshi kwayoyin da zasu iya cutar da karas.
  3. Wurin ba daidai ba. Idan zazzabi a cikin dakin ya yi tsawo, ƙwallon zai iya ci gaba ko ya yi rauni, kuma idan ya yi ƙasa kaɗan, daskare.
  4. High ko low zafi a cikin dakin. A matsanancin zafi, da karar da sauri ya fara rot, a low - shi fades.

Don ajiye karas ya fi tsayi, kana buƙatar bi duk dokoki. Duk wani zalunci zai iya haifar da asarar dukan amfanin gona.

Загрузка...