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Lokacin da yazo don yin noma da kuma abin da ake amfani dashi

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Don halakar da tsire-tsire, don inganta tsarin ƙasa, don yayyafa kayan lambu da ma'adinai a ciki, zaka iya yin amfani da tsarin aikin aikin gona na kaka - girbi na kaka.

Wannan hanya zai iya inganta yawan amfanin gona na hatsi kuma ya rage girman hadarin aikin aikin gona.

Me yasa ake lalata gonar kaka

Irin wannan aiki (noma, digging) ana gudanar da shi a lokacin rani-kaka, shirya kasa don dasa shuki. Lokacin da aka fara hutawa ta hunturu ya sami sunan saboda gaskiyar cewa ana gudanar da ita har sai lokacin marigayi, lokacin da duniya ta fara raguwa a ƙarƙashin rinjayar yanayin zafi.

Yana da muhimmanci! Yin amfani da hunturu ne kawai don shuka amfanin gona na gonaki, ba amfanin gona na hunturu ba.

Wane aiki ne yake yi

Wannan ƙaddamar da matakan fasahar agrotechnique yana aiki da dama:

  • na taimakawa wajen halakar weeds, cututtuka da kwari;
  • ya hana ci gaban ruwa da iska mai yashwa;
  • yana aiki ne don saka furanni a kasa;
  • Ya haifar da yanayi don rage girman gishiri;
  • yana taimaka wa jari da kuma adana ruwan sha da kuma abubuwan gina jiki a duniya;
  • halitta yanayi don ci gaba da amfani da aikin microbiological aiki;
  • inganta tsari na ƙasa, ba da ladabin da aka bi da shi a yanayin yanayin lumely;
  • ya rufe sauran sharan saura.

Koyi abin da ake wajaba ya zama wajibi don kuma yadda za a yi noma ƙasa tare da tarkon mai tafiya.

A ina ake amfani da wannan hanya?

Amfani da wannan hanya yana bayyana babban rabawa. An yi amfani da noma da yawa a matsayin daya daga cikin manyan hanyoyi na horar da ƙasa a aikin noma.

Shin kuna sani? Farawa na farko sun bayyana a cikin karni na III BC. Na dogon lokaci, an yi su duka ne daga itace, har a cikin d ¯ a Romawa suka kirkiro da noma ƙafafun da karfe ploughshare.
Kada kayi amfani da wannan hanya kawai a wasu yankuna:

  • a wurare da matsanancin yanayi da kadan hazo (yanayin zafi a hunturu a ƙasa -40 ° C);
  • a kan yashi mai yashi mai yawa a wuraren da ake damu sosai.
A cikin yankuna da yanayin hawan mummunan yanayi, wannan nau'in noma zai iya haifar da lalacewa na launi mai laushi da kuma daskarewa mai yawa na ƙasa. Kuma sarrafawa a ƙarƙashin tafarkin ƙasa mai tsabta yana iya haifar da mummunan lalataccen gishiri.

Mun bada shawara don gano abin da aka shuka da kuma mummunar ƙasa shine don yadda za mu noma ƙasar.

Yaushe kake amfani da wannan hanya?

  1. Ana amfani da noma a cikin yankuna m don tara damshin a cikin ƙasa.
  2. A cikin wuraren da aka yi wa rigakafi, magani a karkashin layi yana da mummunan sakamako - yana normalizes yawan adadin kuma inganta tsarin gina jiki da kuma iska na ƙasa.
  3. Wannan hanyar magani yana da tasiri idan akwai matsala mai tsanani na filaye da kuma babban nauyin cututtukan cututtuka da kwari na amfanin gonar noma.
  4. Ana amfani da noma a lokacin hunturu lokacin da ake buƙatar rage tashin hankali na aikin filin wasanni, don samar da magani mai kyau kafin shuka kuma tsara yadda ake shuka albarkatun gona a cikin mafi dacewa.

Yana da muhimmanci! Girman lokacin girbi na kaka ya dogara da yanayin ƙasa da kuma al'ada. A kan podzolic, soddy da loamy kasa, wannan ne yake aikata a kowace shekara. Sandy, chestnut kasa da chernozems bukatar kaka girbe kowane shekaru uku.

Yi ado da kanka tare da nau'o'in ƙasa da hanyoyi don kula da haihuwa.

Tsarin hanyoyin sarrafa hanyoyin filin

Bugu da ƙari ga yin noma ta kowace hanya, ana amfani da wasu hanyoyi don shirya ƙasar don shuka.

Hanyar manyan hanyoyin canja canji

  1. Crumble - clumps na ƙasa crumble.
  2. Ƙunƙasa a ƙasa - ƙananan da ƙananan yadudduka suna shinge a wurare, tare da hanyar, ana binne magungunan girbi da taki a ƙasa.
  3. Ragewa - yawan adadin pores yana ƙaruwa, yanayin da iska ke iya haɓaka, ƙaramin ƙwayar ƙasa a ƙasa kuma tushen tsarin weeds ana lalata.
  4. Karamin - sunadarar ƙasa suna matsawa, saboda haka rage lumps.
  5. Rarraba - mai launi a cikin zurfin ya zama daidai.
  6. Noma - yana niƙa kasar gona da halakar weeds.
  7. Disk - ƙasa ya raguwa kuma ya rabu da shi, wani ɓangare yana juyawa ya haɗa.
  8. Tsuntsayewa - harguwa yana cinye ƙasa da yaduwar ƙasa da matakan su na sama.
  9. Gagagge - rollers suna jujjuya saman kashin ƙasa, suna sa shi mai laushi, ƙwanƙwasa ƙwanƙwasa.
Shin kuna sani? Don bayyanar daya daga cikin centimeter na ƙasa mai kyau yana daukan kimanin shekaru 1000.

Waɗanne hanyoyi ana amfani da su

Ana amfani da hanyoyin da ake bi don maganin zyabi:

  1. Ayyukan Chisel - wannan hanya ta shafi sassaukar ƙasa ba tare da juya shi ba tare da samuwa a cikin tashoshin ruwa.
  2. Hanyar shackless - yawancin albarkatun gona ya kasance a farfajiya; ƙasa yadudduka suna sassauta, amma sun kasance a wuri.
  3. Dumping hanya - akwai haɗuwa guda daya, sassauka da juya turɓin ƙasa a tsaye.
  4. Noma - ragowar tsire-tsire suna binne a ƙasa, waxanda aka lalata su. A lokaci guda ana amfani da takin mai magani.
  5. Babban aiki - muhimmiyar rinjayar tsarin ƙasa: inganta ruwa da musayar iska, na taimakawa hana yaduwar ƙasa. Za'a iya aiwatar da kayan aiki ba kawai a cikin kaka ba, har ma a cikin bazara, kafin shuka.

Koyi yadda za a tono ƙasa a gonar.

Wannan ƙaddamar da matakan fasahar masana'antu ya kasance a cikin aikin noma na Tarayyar Soviet. Yau, aiki a karkashin noma bai rasa tasirinta ba kuma ana amfani da ita tare da hanyoyi na zamani don inganta alamomi na ingancin ƙasa da haɓaka amfanin gona.

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