Shuka amfanin gona

Growing tamarix: asirin kula da dace dasa

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Lokacin da ka fara ganin yadda tamarix ya yi furuci, kalmar kawai da ta zo da hankali don bayyana wannan abu shine alheri. Ya dubi wani ƙananan shrub da ƙananan ganye da ƙananan furanni, ya durƙusa ƙasa a ƙarƙashin launin fari ko launin rawaya. Kuma idan furanni basu riga ya fure ba, ana ganin itace an rufe shi da beads. Hoton ba shakka ba ne wanda ake iya mantawa da shi.

Tamarix (Latin Tamarix) - wani nau'i na bishiyoyi ko shrubs. Sauran sunayensa suna haɗuwa, ƙuƙwalwa. Kasashen waje na shuka su ne steppes da kuma gandun daji na kudancin Turai, Afirka da Asiya.

A al'adu, ana amfani da direba mai amfani don dalilai masu yawa: don ƙarfafa ƙasa mai yalwa da yashi, don aikin lambu a cikin noma, don maganin wasu cututtuka a magani na gargajiya. Ana amfani da itace Tamarix a matsayin man fetur, ana yin sana'a da kwanduna da kayan ado. Kuma a cikin tsaunuka na Asiya ta Tsakiya, raƙuma sukan cinye bishiyoyi. Grebenschik suna son masu kudan zuma, domin yana da kyau shuka.

Shin kuna sani? Tamarix yana da hemostatic, analgesic, astringent, sweating, da kuma diuretic Properties. Ana amfani da gandun daji da gine-gine akan wannan shuka don cututtuka na ciki, yalwa, rheumatism.

Idan kana so irin wannan inganci, kamar tamariks, don zama a cikin ƙasar makircin ko a gaban taga, kana buƙatar sanin fasalin dasa da kulawa.

Yadda za a zabi tamarix seedlings lokacin da sayen

Kafin ka je gidan ajiya na musamman domin saplings, muna bada shawara cewa ka yanke shawara game da irin nau'in mai kwalliya. A yau yaudarar tamariksovyh yana da kimanin nau'in kwayoyi 75. A cikin latitudes, hudu daga cikin su sun fi dacewa: rassan, m, chetyrehtychinkovy da sako-sako.

Na farko yana da duhu kore ganye tare da farin gefuna. Ya kai wani tsawo na 2 m.Ya yi furanni tare da furanni, mai launin shuɗi da mai launin fure. Duration na flowering shi ne watanni hudu - daga Yuni zuwa Satumba. Heat lover. Ya fi son m ƙasa. Bukatun kulawa kadan.

Clorescences na tamarix suna da launi masu launin haske. Lokacin cin abinci: Yuni-Oktoba. Gudun shrub yana da matsakaicin matsayi na 4 m. M tamariks a tsakanin wasu nau'in tsaye a waje ga matakin mafi girma na hunturu hardiness.

Gilashin kwalliya huɗu ɗin na da kyau saboda bambancin kananan furanni a kan bango na Emerald foliage da rassan rassan. Kyakkyawan shrub, mai girma zuwa 10 m, na tsawon watanni biyu - daga Afrilu zuwa Mayu. Yana jure yanayin zafi har zuwa -20 ° C.

Sako-sako da tamarisk ne babban, karfi da branched shrub har zuwa 5 m tsawo tare da ruwan hoda paniculate inflorescences a kan pedicels. Duration na flowering idan aka kwatanta da wasu jinsuna ne takaice - watanni biyu.

Hanyar mafi sauki don samun kayan aiki na budewa za a dasa shuki a sapling. Domin sauri da sauƙi ka saba da shafinka, amfani da shawarwarin don zaɓin daidai. Sapling ya zama:

  • matasa;
  • low;
  • tare da lafiya;
  • ba tare da asara ba.

Zabi wurin da ya dace don tamarix

Domin zaɓar wani wuri mai dacewa don dasa shuki dabobi, kana buƙatar sanin game da abubuwan da ake son shuka. Aji yana son rana, zafi kuma ba zai iya tsayawa damuwa ba. Da sauƙin jure yanayin yanayin birane. Wasu jinsuna a cikin sassan shinge ba su tsira.

Sabili da haka, wani wuri mai haske ba tare da inuwa ba, tare da zurfin ruwa mai zurfi ba tare da ambaliya ba a cikin bazara zai zama wuri mafi kyau don dasa shuki tamarix. Ana iya dasa shi a cikin birni da kuma cikin karkara.

Gidan yana jin dadi sosai a kan dukkanin kasar gona, ya zama kasa maras tushe, alkaline, saline kasa. Duk da haka, yana buƙatar mai kyau malalewa don cire yawancin danshi. Har ila yau darajar sanin: mafi kyau shrub yayi girma a cikin ƙasa mai yashi sandy hadu tare da humus.

Shin kuna sani? Haɗakarwa ce mai kyau, zai iya kai shekaru 75.

Shuka tamarisk seedlings

Mafi kyawun lokaci don dasa shuki shuki shine farkon spring. Dole ne a yi rami ya ninka sau biyu kamar yadda girman asalinsa yake tare da clod daga ƙasa daga tukunya. Ya zurfin ya kamata ya zama kadan fiye da zurfin ganga wanda nau'in seedling ya girma. A kasan rami, ya zama dole don rufe wani nau'i na cakuda wanda ya kunshi yashi da yashi (rubble), ya shimfiɗa dutsen ash da humus a saman. Sa'an nan kuma a hankali sanya seedling a cikin wani rami, daidaita da tushen tsarin, da kuma yayyafa da ƙasa. Tampyly tamp. Gaba, dole ne a zubar da abin da za a shuka.

Barin tare da ilimin

Idan ka zaɓi wuri mai kyau don dasawa kuma za ka iya bin tsarin dasa kayan dasawa, a nan gaba, tamariks ba zai haifar da matsala a cikin girma da rikewa ba. Wasu jinsunan karkashin yanayin yanayi masu kyau bayan saukarwa ba su buƙatar ƙarin haɗin kai ba.

Yanayin Watering

Za a buƙaci ne kawai don tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire, sa'an nan kuma kuɓuta. Bayan shrub ya samo tushe, ya kamata a kiyaye watering zuwa mafi ƙarancin - don samar da su ne kawai a lokacin lokutan busassun lokaci.

Yana da muhimmanci! Kada ku cike da shuka. Yanayin yanayi wanda aka yi amfani da shi a daji ya ba shi damar tara ruwa a cikin akwati idan akwai wani fari mai tsawo. Sabili da haka, karuwarta zai iya haifar da gaskiyar cewa a lokacin sanyi zai dasa daskare.

A farkon spring, yana da kyawawa don samar da mulching na kasar gona. Kafin hunturu da shuka shine mafi kyau ba ruwan ba.

Fertilizing da fertilizing

Takin da shuka zai iya zama a cikin bazara, a farkon kakar girma. A lokacin rani an ciyar da shi da phosphate da potash da takin mai magani. A shrub za su iya inganta mafi kyawun ma'adanai a aiwatar da foliar ciyar.

Yana da muhimmanci! Lokacin ciyar da mutum mai haɗuwa, wajibi ne a lura da ma'auni. Yin amfani da hadarin wuce gona da iri zai iya haifar da mummunan sakamako - rashin tsaro a cikin shuka.

Ƙwarewa da kafa kambi

Domin tsire-tsire su yi siffar muni, zai yiwu a samar da shearing. Kowace lokacin bazara, tsabtace tsabta na lalacewa, duhu, rassan rassan kuma ana gudanar da su a cikin bazara.

Tamarix ya jure wa kowane nau'i na pruning sauƙi kuma ya sake yada matasa harbe sosai da sauri. Ya dawo da kyau ko da bayan kammala kaciya. Akwai shawarwari don yanke shrub gaba ɗaya a cikin shekaru biyar, a ƙarƙashin kututture.

Amincewa da kwari da cututtuka

Rashin jita-jita shi ne resistant ga dukan cututtuka da kuma hare-haren ɓangaren cuta, amma ba kashi ɗari ba. Saboda haka, cututtuka na jiki zai iya haifar da rashin kulawa, misali, yawan watering ko karfi thickening na kambi. Wadannan cututtuka sun bayyana a matsayin launin ruwan kasa a kan rassan da ganye. Lokacin da aka gano waɗannan bayyanar cututtuka, an cire rassan rassan da aka lalatar da su (ƙone), ya kamata a cire kambi.

Har ila yau, cututtuka na iya shafar tsire-tsire waɗanda aka ambaliya a ƙofar hunturu da kuma wace rassan suna daskarewa. Irin wannan yanayin shrubs shine mafi amfani ga ci gaban cututtukan fungal.

Idan a cikin lambun ku akwai cututtuka masu yawa na wasu tsire-tsire, to, don hana damarix, lokacin da ya yi fure, za ku iya magance shi da kwayoyi masu karewa daga kwari da cututtuka.

Ana shirya don hunturu

Yawancin jinsunan tamarix sun jure yanayin yanayin sanyi har zuwa -28 ° C. Duk da haka, yana da kyau ka dage kanka kuma ka rufe shuka don hunturu. Akwatin da ake bukata yana bukatar matasa tsire-tsire har zuwa shekaru uku. Tushen suna rufe spruce ganye, peat, auku ganye ko sawdust. Gilashin za a iya nannade shi a cikin wani kayan ado mai launi.

Yi amfani da zane-zane

Mafi sau da yawa tamariks a cikin wuri mai faɗi zane ne dasa a matsayin mai shinge. Maƙwabta na iya zama iri-iri iri-iri: jasmine, almond, yoshta. Ya ke da kyau tare da Lilac, barberry, kerriya, perennial ganye. Don yin daidaitattun abubuwa, ya kamata a zaɓa da unguwa, la'akari da tsawon lokaci da lokacin flowering na irin tamariks da ka zaba. Har ila yau, mai girma yana da kyau a matsayin mai Sol Y Mar Abu. Ana iya dasa shi a kan gangara a cikin tuddai.

Sake haifar da tamarix cuttings

Tamarisk iya ninka a hanyoyi biyu: tsaba, cuttings. A cikin noma mafi yawancin hanyoyin amfani da vegetative, tun lokacin da iri ya fi ƙarfin aiki. Yadda za a yada kwayoyin tamarix, za mu fada a cikin daki-daki.

Don samar da grafting a cikin fall, matasa amma riga-rassan rassan 15-20 cm tsawo da kuma 1 cm lokacin farin ciki ne a yanka, wanda aka dasa don rooting a cikin raba kwantena ko nan da nan a cikin ƙasa bude zuwa zurfin 0.2 m Bayan dasa, da cuttings da kyau shayar. Kafin dasa shuki, cututtuka kai tsaye a cikin ƙasa kafin tushensu ya bayyana za a iya saka cikin ruwa, ƙara ruwa kamar yadda yake kwashe.

Yawan shuke-shuke da aka dasa a cikin ƙasa an dasa shi zuwa wuri na dindindin a cikin bazara (Afrilu) a cikin ƙasa da aka hadu da humus. A farkon shekara suna bukatar a shayar a kai a kai.

Yana da wuya a yi imani da cewa irin wannan kyakkyawan shrub kamar yadda tamariks ba ya buƙatar yanayi na musamman don girma da kulawa. Duk da haka, wannan gaskiya ne. Matsanancin yanayin da yake girma a cikin daji, ya sa ya zama matukar wuya, ba da bukata ga ƙasa da kuma kasancewar danshi, hunturu-hardy kuma ba damuwa ga iskõki mai ƙarfi, tsayayya ga cututtuka da kwari. A takaice dai, mafarkin dukan lambu, lambu da masu zane-zane.

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