Shuka amfanin gona

Dukan asirin girma marigolds daga tsaba: lokacin da yadda za a shuka, ka'idojin kulawa

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Marigolds (tagetes) - wata shuka, watakila mafi mashahuri, wadda yawancin suke girma a cikin gadaje masu fure. Amma wadannan furanni, saboda godiyar su, mai launi da tsayi mai tsawo, ba ado ne kawai yankunan gida, wuraren shakatawa da tituna ba, suna girma a kan baranda, loggias da shinge.

Don yin ado da mãkircin ku, za ku iya saya shuke-shuke da suke shirye don flowering, amma bazai da wuya a yi girma seedlings akan kanku daga tsaba. Ya zama dole ne mu fahimci lokacin da za ku shuka tsaba, yadda za mu kula da tsirrai, da kuma inda zai fi kyau a shirya gadon filawa a kan shafin.

Bugu da ƙari, a lokacin da dasa shuki tsaba, za ka iya zaɓar abubuwan da ake so a shuka, musamman ma a cikin ɗakunan ajiya suna ba da kariya iri iri daban-daban.

Bayanin adana

Marigolds suna da tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire wanda zai iya bunƙasa kuma yayi girma daga 20 zuwa 150 cm a tsawo.

A kan siffofin kulawa da marigolds wanda ba a ƙaddara ba, karanta a nan.

Tsarin tushen shine fibrous, ganye suna rarraba ko rarrabe-rabuwa, madadin ko akasin haka, launi na kore zai iya zama haske ko duhu.

Kwanduna daga cikin rawaya zuwa haske mai haske ko launin ruwan kasa. Flowering fara a watan Yuni kuma zai iya ci gaba har sai da farko sanyi. Yana da daraja daraja wannan Marigolds za a iya shuka da kansa. Tsarin tsaba da aka kama a cikin ƙasa na tsawon shekaru 4. Ƙanshi mai ban sha'awa ba ya fito ne daga buds, amma daga greenness na shuka.

Bugu da ƙari, gadon filawa da marigolds a kan shafin, wannan kyauta ce mai daraja.

Flowers taimaka wajen maganin cututtuka masu zuwa:

  • Tsarin kariya;
  • ciwon sukari mellitus;
  • yada ƙonewa;
  • stomatitis;
  • fuka;
  • mashako;
  • sanyi.

Har ila yau, ana bada shawarar yin amfani da kayan ado na furanni masu inganci don sha a lokacin maye, don tsarkake jinin.

Duka dalla-dalla game da kayyadadden kayyadadden kayan da aka hana su da amfani da marigolds, mun bayyana a cikin wannan labarin, kuma game da siffofin amfani da wannan shuka a maganin gargajiya da kuma dafa abinci, karanta littattafanmu.

Yadda za a yi girma a gida da kuma a shafin?

Marigolds yana da karamin girma kuma zai iya fara flowering a farkon watan biyu bayan shuka tsaba. Saboda gaskiyar cewa shuka ba shi da alamar yanayin yanayin yanayi kuma yana canja wurin rassan ruwa, bazai buƙatar rufe kayan lokacin da shuka tsaba a kai tsaye a cikin ƙasa mai bude ko cikin kwalaye a kan baranda.

Dole ne a dasa tsaba a cikin marigold a lokacin da aka kafa tasirin zafin jiki a waje +5. Kwanan itatuwa suna dogara da yanayin yanayi, idan a yankuna da yanayi mai dadi, ana iya shuka tsaba a ƙasa a watan Afrilu, sannan a tsakiyar tsakiyar zai kasance ƙarshen watan Mayu. Flowering, daidai da, ya faru a ƙarshen Yuni da farkon Yuli.

Idan kana son marigolds fara farawa a baya, to ya kamata ka yi amfani da hanyar shukawa. A gida, seedlings suna girma, kuma idan yanayi mai dumi ya shiga, an shuka shuka mai girma wanda aka shirya don flowering a wuri mai dindindin.

Ƙara koyo game da siffofin girma marigolds a nan.

Tattara iri

Marigold tsaba su ne tsalle-tsalle masu launin baki da launi maras kyau, wanda aka kafa a tsakiyar flower bayan ta bushe. Don haka tsaba suna ci gaba da cigaban germination har tsawon shekaru 4, furanni zasu iya girma.

Ƙwayar iri iri na Amirka tana haifar da fice daga Faransanci, kuma ba za'a iya bunkasa hybrids daga tsaba ba, bazai girma ba ko kuma iyayensu na sabon shuka ba za su iya ba.

Yadda za a tsara marigold tsaba? Tarin shuka zai fara a watan Satumba, a rabi na biyu. Alamar babbar ita ce wilting daga cikin bishiyoyi, musamman ma idan rami ya bushe a kusa da kai - tsaba sun yi girma. Don tattara zuriyar suna buƙatar yanayin bushe, rashin iska da rana - tsaba da aka tattara yayin mummunar yanayi na iya dampen kuma za a rage germination.

Ana girbi tsaba kamar haka.:

  1. yanke kayan gwada da kuma sanya shi a cikin wani wurin da aka sassaka don bushewa;
  2. Sa'an nan a hankali bude kansa tare da tsaba da girgiza su a kan jarida.

Akwai wata hanya ta tattara tsaba:

  1. don tattara furanni a cikin gungu kuma rataye a cikin ɗakin da aka bushe da bushe a sama da jarida;
  2. da zarar kwalaye sun fara da budewa, tsaba da kansu zasu iya samun isasshen barci.

Sa'an nan kuma an sanya tsaba a cikin takarda da kuma ajiyayyu har sai shuka shuka.

Hanyar bunkasa

Marigolds za a iya girma cikin hanyoyi biyu - shuka a kai tsaye a cikin ƙasa, ko a cikin tukwane na gida a kan windowsill.

Wajibi ne a yi la'akari da waɗannan zaɓuɓɓuka don gane daidai lokacin saukowa a cikin wani akwati. Ya dogara da yadda farkon da yalwata shuka zai fara jin daɗin kyawawan furanni.

Karin bayani game da yadda za a yi marigolds a gida, karanta a nan.

Yaushe ya shuka?

Idan an yanke shawarar shuka tsaba a ƙasa, to, Lokacin mafi kyau ga shuka shine Mayu-Yuni dangane da yankin.. A wannan lokacin a yankuna da yawa na Rasha cewa yanayin yana da kyau kuma yana da dumi.

A cikin bude ƙasa kuma a kan seedlings

Ana shuka furanni da shuka iri a cikin ƙasa a cikin wadannan kalmomi:

  1. A cikin hunturu, bayan an saita yanayi a sanyi. Dole ne a kafa gadaje a gaba kuma a shirya ƙasa, wanda har lokacin dasawa zai kasance a wuri mai dumi. Da zarar lokacin shuka ya zo, an zubo ƙasa mai dumi a cikin tsaunuka, an shuka tsaba da kuma dafa tare da ƙasa. Bayan wannan, ana gadaje gadaje da takin gargajiya, rotted sawdust, ko tsohon foliage. A cikin idon ruwa, kamar yadda dusar ƙanƙara ta narke da yanayin dumi a cikin, an cire gishiri zuwa sauri a dumi ƙasa.
  2. A cikin bazara, a tsakiyar watan Afrilu, an shirya gadaje, wanda ya kamata a zubar da ruwa mai dumi kafin da bayan shuka. Har ila yau, kyawawa ne don dumi amfanin gona, tare da rufe duk wani abu.
  3. A cikin may Marigolds za a iya shuka a kai tsaye a ƙasa zuwa wani wuri na dindindin. Da zarar harbe ya bayyana, an cire su, yana barin akalla minti 10 a tsakanin tsire-tsire. Da zarar tsaba 3-5 ya bayyana a kan tsire-tsire, an shuka seedlings, tun da nesa mafi kyau tsakanin tsire-tsire masu girma shine 30 cm.
Amma game da irin yanayin da ake yi wa marigolds, za ku iya shuka su a cikin tukwane a kowane lokaci, daga Fabrairu zuwa Maris.

Tsarin shiri

Ya kamata a fahimci cewa don samun kyakkyawar sabbin tsaba ana buƙata, wanda bai riga ya canza shekaru biyu ba, kuma kasar gona tana bukatar shiryawa mai kyau da haske sosai.

Kafin shuka da tsaba ya kamata a shirya - don germinate, to, seedlings zai zama mai sauri da kuma sada. Ana sanya tsaba a cikin masana'anta na auduga, wanda dole ne a fara wanke shi da ruwa mai dumi. Saka a kan saucer kuma kunsa tare da filastik, abincin abinci, don ƙirƙirar sakamako na greenhouse. Sanya saucer a wuri mai dadi kuma bayan kwana 2 duba tsaba, idan sun kasance mai kyau, to, yawancin kayan shuka zasu rigaya. Tsaba suna shirye don dasa.

Bukatun don ƙasa abun da ke ciki

Wadannan kayan ƙasa zasu zama mafi kyau ga shuka marigolds:

  • gonar lambu - 1 kg;
  • wanke kogin yashi - 500 g;
  • peat - 1 kg;
  • humus ko takin - 1 kg.

Shuka

Shuka tsaba da za'ayi kamar haka:

  1. a kan gadaje don yin tsagi, tsakanin wanda akwai 2 cm;
  2. shimfiɗa tsaba a nesa da 1 cm daga juna;
  3. sakawa zurfin ba fiye da 10 mm;
  4. zubar da ruwa mai dumi;
  5. cika tsaba;
  6. Rufe gadaje tare da rufe kayan kafin germination.

Da zarar sun fara bayyana, an cire fim. Wannan zai taimaka wajen karfafa tsire-tsire domin bunkasa ci gaba da bunƙasa.

Idan aka yi shuka ta hanyar tsirrai, hanya ta zama daidai, amma bayan fitowar harbe an cire tukunya zuwa wani haske, sunny window sill don kada seedlings su tashi.

Mun zaɓi tukunya

Don amfanin gonar marigolds ya dace da kowane irin damar - filastik, filastik, kwantena, kwalaye, kowane kofuna. Ya kamata a lura cewa seedlings zasu iya bayyana a cikin wani ganga, amma akwai ainihin yanayin - mai kyau malalewa a kasa na tukunya da kuma buɗewa don malalewa na ruwa mai yawa.

Yankin zaɓi

Ƙasa za a iya shirya shi ta hanyar daɗaɗɗa daidai da ƙasa na ƙasa, peat, humus da kogin yashi. Kuma zaka iya saya saiti a shirye-shirye a wani kantin kayan musamman na marmari na marigold.

Kula da cetas

Da zarar seedlings sun girma da shuka a wuri mai dindindin, babban kulawa zai kasance kamar haka:

  • watering a kai a kai, yayin zafi a sau biyu a rana - da sassafe da kuma marigayi da maraice;
  • m weeding;
  • dafawar daji tare da cire furen fure da lalacewa;
  • Yawancin ƙasa ana aiwatar da ita sau 1 a cikin kwanaki 7, tushen ya kamata numfashi.

Ruwa da kyau

Marigolds yana son danshi, musamman a lokacin kakar girma.. Amma a watering shi wajibi ne a lura da daidaito ba kawai, har ma da ruwa.

Yana da daraja tunawa cewa idan watering yana da yawa, tare da stagnation na ruwa, tushen da shuka zai fara rot. Tare da rashin ruwan danshi, furanni bazai yi fure ba, ko kuma ya samar da ƙananan furanni.

A lokacin girma, watering ya zama matsakaici, kuma daga bisani ya kamata a rage don haka babu wani lalacewar m, daga abin da tsire-tsire suka yi rashin lafiya, rot kuma kada su yi girma. A cikin zafi zafi zafi mafi kyau ga ruwa a maraice..

Top dressing

Marigolds ba buƙatar takin mai magani ba, amma don samun samfuri mai tsayi da tsayi na tsawon lokaci yana maraba. Ciyar da shuka buƙatar 1 lokaci a kowace wata.

Ka yi kokarin kada ka shafe shuka tare da takin mai magani, kamar yadda flower zai ba da yawa greenery da Bloom da yawa daga baya.

Babban ciyarwa a kan shawara na masu aikin lambu sunyi sau uku a kowace kakar.:

  1. da zaran da tsawo na seedling kai 10 cm;
  2. tare da samuwa na farko buds;
  3. a farkon flowering.

Zaka iya ciyar da shuka da kuma karo na hudu a lokacin tsawon flowering, wannan zai kara girma kakar. Ana yin gyare-gyare na sama da takin mai magani mai mahimmanci don tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire.

Kammalawa

A sakamakon haka, yana da daraja a faɗi haka Marigolds ne tsire-tsire masu tsinkaye, kuma an dasa su a wuri mai haske, wurare masu zafi. Wannan al'ada sau da yawa ya jure yanayin zafi da rashin rashin ruwa. Wadannan halaye suna ba da izinin shuka don amfani da kayan ado. Irin wannan shuka shuka zai iya tsayawa a cikin gilashi ba tare da rasa ƙaranta ba kusan kusan makonni uku. Amma ba lallai ba ne don dasa amfanin gona a kusa da kogin ruwa ko a cikin ɗakunan shaded da yawa - da taghetses bazai yi fure ko ya mutu ba.

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