Horse ya dace

Bay doki

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Lokacin da ka ji sauti na tsohuwar Rasha game da "dawakai na dawakai da aka sare har wayewar gari," ba zato ba tsammani ka ɗauki tunaninka: shin kullun dawakai ne suke?

Ga wadanda suke sha'awar koyon duk abin da aka saba game da wannan kwando na musamman, zamu gaya mana dalla-dalla.

Asalin asalin gurbin sunan

Babu cikakkiyar ma'anar game da asalin sunan bakin kwalliyar dawakai. A hanyar, ainihin kalma "doki", bisa ga mafi yawan al'ada, ba asali ne na Rasha ba.

A cikin harshenmu, ana amfani da shi daga ma'anar harshen Turkkani, kuma wannan bai dace ba ne kawai ga tsawon mulkin Mongol-Tatar, yawancin Turkisms suna da asali da yawa.

Kalmar "doki" yawanci ana haɗuwa da "doki" Türkic (wani lokaci tare da Bugu da kari na "a" a farkon), wanda Turkiyya ake kira 'yan sanda. Daga Turkic ya zo sunayen wasu launuka na dawakai, musamman, kauraya, savrasaya, roan da buckskin.

Shin kuna sani? A cikin hikimar game da Sivku-Burka, na gaya wa kalma kalmomi guda uku daga lakabin da ake kira babban jarumi na hudu don nuna yadda ya dace, amma yana da wuyar fahimta irin yadda doki mai launin azurfa zai iya kama. Burqas a Rasha da ake kira dawakai ne kawai a kwance, nodding, ko sivaya - wannan ya zama launin toka ko ashy mare, kuma "kaurka" wata alama ce mai launin launin ruwan kasa mai launin launin ruwan daji. Sabili da haka, sassa uku na sunan wani abu mai ban dariya dabba ya rabu da juna. A bayyane yake, Ivan da Fool ya sami doki mai ban mamaki na launi marar lahani, wanda ya kamata ya jaddada siffar sabon abu, yanayin sihiri na wannan doki. Duk da haka, abin da kalmar "ma'anar" na nufin ma mahimmanci ne, domin, bisa ga abinda ke cikin labarin, doki ba shi da wani abu.

Amma tare da bay dace duk abin da ya fi rikitarwa. A cikin tsohuwar harshen Rashanci kalmar nan "zalunci", "gnaw". Wannan kalma yana nufin hanyar kirkira, fanning wuta.

Idan muka dubi "doki" mai ban mamaki "(a kalla a cikin hoto) - launin ruwan karamar cakulan da ke wasa a rana, kafafu na kafafu a kasa da gwiwa, irin wannan wutsiya da manne - to akwai wata ƙungiya tare da wani abu mai goge akan wuta. Duk da haka, ba abin mamaki ba, kalmar "bay" tana da dangantaka da harsunan Turai, duk da haka, tare da kalmomi suna ma'anar wani abu mai gurasa ko ƙona, musamman, "nidor" a cikin Latin yana nufin chad, hayaki, cinder; Kalmar "kunna" ta amfani da ita don ƙanshin gashi da ƙona, amma Czech "snědý" na nufin duhu.

Bugu da ƙari, babu tabbacin abin da kalmar "bay" ta kasance asali, kuma an gabatar da ita, amma yana da alama cewa a farkon shi yana nufin wani abu da ya shafi haɗuwa a wuta.

Koyi game da irin wadannan dawakan: "Vladimir Heavy Duty", "Larabawa", "Tinker", "Appaloosa", "Akhal-Teke".

Yanayin rarrabewa

A ƙarni da yawa ya zama al'ada don rarraba doki zuwa manyan kungiyoyi hudu - ja, bay, baki da launin toka; duk sauran bambancin su ne wadanda ake kira mastheads da submarines.

Yana da muhimmanci! Otmastok - mataki na saturation na babban launi a launi na doki;

Kwanan nan, duk da haka, akwai haɓaka don rage rabuwa zuwa uku (ta hanyar cire launin toka) har ma zuwa biyu (ta hanyar cire launin toka da bay).

Duk da haka dai, an kira doki a bay, inda:

  • babban launi na jiki, kai, wuyansa da babba na kafafu (har zuwa gwiwa) yana da launin ruwan kasa daban-daban, duk da haka, yana dauke da babban adadin baki (saboda haka ƙungiyar tare da gurasa ko nama);
  • Ƙananan kafafun kafa (daga gwiwa), da wutsiya, da mane da kunnuwa su ne dashi na baki (wuraren duhu suna iya zama akan fuska);
  • idanu masu launin ruwan kasa;
  • fata a karkashin gashin gashi ne launin toka.
Saboda haka, zamu iya cewa bay yana launin ruwan kasa tare da kumuri.

Yana da muhimmanci! Hatsun kafafu a cikin dabbobi na wannan kwatkwarima yana "bayyana" ba daga haife ba, amma bayan da aka fara zubar, don haka idan sanannen "na biyu" yana da wariyar launin fata, wannan ba dalilin damu ba ne kuma ana zargin wani aure na kowane abin banza. Sautin "daidai" zai bayyana kadan daga baya.

Bayar da kwalliyar Bay ta zama na kowa kuma tana ƙaunar tsakanin magoya bayan wadannan dabbobi masu kyau, har ma 'yan wasa.

Bear Suit iri

Daidaitawar da aka bayyana a sama ya ba da doki a matsayin bay. Duk da haka, a cikin wannan kwatkwarima akwai taro na tabarau da kuma bambancin, kuma wani lokacin ba haka ba ne da "tushen" wanda kawai gwani zai iya gane ainihin yadda ya dace.

Hasken haske

Hanya mai haske, kamar yadda zaku iya tsammani, yana da launi mai haske na launin ruwan kasa mai launin launin ruwan kasa ko ja (tubali), yayin da baya baya ya fi duhu fiye da ciki (wani lokaci wani ɓangaren duhu yana tafiya tare da wani ɓangaren jiki tare da irin "bel").

Bright kuma yana iya zama yankuna a fuska, sau da yawa a kusa da idanu. Sauran kai, da manne, da wutsiya da ƙananan ƙafafunsu suna launin ruwan kasa ne ko baki tare da gashi mai launin ruwan kasa.

Shin kuna sani? "Socks na fata" a kan kafafu na doki mai ba da izini ne, ko da yake har zuwa kwanan nan akwai labari cewa launin launi na ƙananan ƙaƙƙarfan ya nuna rauninsa da ciwo. Don tabbatar da wawancin wannan sanarwa, ya isa ya ce cewa doki mafi tsada a duniyar, wani sashi mai kyau na harshen Turanci wanda ake kira Frankel, wanda yake da daraja a cikin tarihin dalar Amurka miliyan biyu! (!

Dark bay

Dark bay doki yana da ƙananan kafafu, manna, wutsiya. Bayan baya da ƙananan ɓangaren ƙwararren sun kusan baki. Babban launi shi ne duhu cakulan, tare da mai yawa baki gashi.

Ba kamar ƙyalle ba, wanda shine sau da yawa rikice-duhu, ba za a sami tarkon da haske ba.

Cherry-bay (ja)

A cikin dawakai na ceri-bay, babban launi na gashin yana da kyakkyawan inuwa (haske ko duhu) akan launin ruwan kasa ko ja.

A cikin launi na manne, wutsiya da ƙafafu, an kuma lura da ebb ebb. Rundunar Red, bisa ga masu sanannun mutane, sune mashahuri mafi kyau, amma yana da wuya.

Wutsiya a cikin irin wa annan dawakai suna dubi kwarai a rana, yana yaduwa da walƙiya.

Deer-bay

Wannan shine launi guda biyu, inda duhu launi na ɓangaren jiki na hankali ya zama haske a cikin rami (kamar na doki, saboda haka sunan otmastka).

Chestnut

Kusan a classic version. Sunan babban launin launin ruwan kasa yayi magana akan kansa. Kyakkyawan launi, musamman a hasken rana.

Cereals - tushen abincin abin da ke da nauyin abinci, wanda ya ba da karfi da makamashi ga dawakai. Wadannan sun hada da masara, hatsi, sha'ir, alkama da hatsin rai.

Karak

Kamar yadda aka ce, dawakai na wannan nau'in suna kama da duhu-bay, an rarraba su a cikin wani rukuni daban daban saboda yanayin da ke faruwa a kan mahaɗin da kuma cikin sashin jikin jiki, wato, ana rarraba wuraren duhu a cikin jikin wadannan dabbobi mafi zonal.

Sunan yana da tushe ɗaya kamar "launin ruwan kasa", kuma ya fito daga Turkic "kara-kupa", ma'anar launin baki-launin ruwan kasa. Abin sha'awa, a cikin yawancin harsunan zamani na Turai waɗannan dawakai ake kira baki da bay.

Suckers

Wani mai lafazi, yana kuma nuna cewa akwai tannin haske, wanda zai iya kasancewa a kan ƙuƙwalwa, a cikin kullun kuma har ma a kan tsirrai da kwaskwarima tare da launin launi mai launin fata mai haske. Bambanci mai ban mamaki wanda yayi magana game da bayyanar magajin kakanni.

Golden

Kyakkyawan sauye-walƙiya mai haske, lokacin da babban launi shine launin zinari.

Shin kuna sani? An bayyana launi na dabba saboda yadda aka haɗu da kwayoyin halitta. Har ya zuwa yau, ba a tabbatar da shi ba ko akwai haɗin kai tsaye tsakanin gwargwadon da ke da alhakin launin gashi a cikin dawakai da kuma jinsi wanda yake da alhakin halin, halin lafiya da sauran halaye. Yawancin masana sun ba da amsa mai kyau ga wannan tambaya. Wataƙila akwai gaskiya a wannan, ba don kome ba ne dabbar dawakai (kuma suna samuwa a yawancin rassan) suna shahara sosai a wasanni na wasan motsa jiki, saboda irin waɗannan doki suna dauke da lafiya, da karfi da daidaitawa.

Jigilar kwance ba alamar jini mai tsarki ba ne, ko da yake akwai sifofin da ke nuna launi mai mahimmanci.

Fashion don launuka daban-daban na dawakai na iya canza, duk da haka, waɗannan ko wasu bambancin bay zai kasance da kyau ba tare da kawai saboda wannan kwatkwarima ya fi kowa ba, amma kuma saboda abin mamaki ya dace da dabba mara kyau.

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