Noma da barkono a bude ƙasa

Masana'antu na aikin gona na barkono "Claudio F1": abubuwanda ke amfani da shi da kuma siffofi na iri-iri

Загрузка...

Pepper "Claudio F1", wanda bayanin yake da masani ga duk masoya na farkon cikakke hybrids, yana rayayye girma a cikin kasar. Wannan nau'i mai zaki mai ban sha'awa ne mai ban sha'awa tare da gogaggen masu kwarewa da kuma maras kyau. A cikin wannan labarin za mu magana game da wannan iri-iri.

Bambancin bayanin

"Claudio F1" - Bulgarian barkono, mai dadi. Shin matasan. Bushes ne mai tsaka-tsalle, mai iko, zai iya kai tsawon tsawo kimanin 70 cm. Ganye yana da matsakaici ko babba, suna da murya. 'Ya'yan itãcen marmari ne babba, siffar su kamar kamaɗin elongated. Fatar jikinsu yana da haske, mai haske kuma santsi. Daga launin kore mai duhu ya juya zuwa duhu ja a lokacin da suke ripen. A daya daji zai iya girma har zuwa 12 'ya'yan itatuwa. Barkono da wannan nau'in nau'in nama ne, yana kimanin kimanin 200 g da kauri na katako 10 mm.

Shin kuna sani? Sweet barkono ya ƙunshi karin bitamin A fiye da karas.

Yanayin girma

Wannan nau'in zaki mai dadi ya fi son girma a wuri mai haske da ƙasa mai haske a kwayoyin kwayoyin halitta kuma yana da tsaka tsaki. Wannan injin yana son haske da danshi. Idan akwai haske kadan, za a kware daji, kuma furanni zasu fada. Zai fi dacewa da girma "barkan Claudio F1" bayan beets, karas, kabeji, legumes (sai dai wake) da albarkatun kabewa. Ba za ku iya dasa shi kusa da cucumbers ba.

Bincika yadda za a shirya kayan amfanin gona daidai.
Land don saukowa yana buƙatar shirya sosai. Yana buƙatar digo mai zurfi na kasar gona da kuma kaucewa weeds, da kuma bukatar buƙatar takin gargajiya da kuma ragewa.
Shin kuna sani? A yankinmu, barkono mai dadi ya bayyana a karni na XVI. Sun kawo shi daga Turkiya da Iran.

Yadda za a shuka barkono

Don girma wannan nau'in barkono, yana da muhimmanci don shirya seedlings a gaba.

Yadda za a shirya tsaba don dasa

Mahimmanci, Yaren mutanen Holland basu buƙatar fitarwa. Mai sana'anta yana aiwatar da dukkan hanyoyin da ya kamata kafin haɓaka tsaba. Amma zaka iya riƙe su tsawon sa'o'i 5 a cikin ruwan zafi, wanda zafin jiki zai zama 50 ° C, sa'an nan kuma a saka shi cikin zane mai tsabta don kwana 3. Irin wannan shirye-shirye na tsaba yana ba da sauri.

Ƙasa don seedlings

A substrate don girma seedlings daga tsaba ya kamata sako-sako da kuma kunshi humus, yashi da kuma lambu ƙasa. A cikin wannan cakuda, dole ne ku ƙara ash da sawdust.

Tsara fasaha

Ana yawan shuka tsaba a farkon watan Maris, da zurfafa su 1 cm cikin ƙasa.

Yana da muhimmanci! Wajibi ne don biye da nisa tsakanin tsaba kimanin 1.5 cm. Ba zai yiwu a shuka kusa ba, tun lokacin sprouts zai haifar da inuwa ga juna.
Sa'an nan kuma an shayar da su sosai. Ƙarfi da tsaba da aka rufe da fim don kula da matakin da ake buƙata (game da 70%). Har sai seedlings sun bayyana, ana iya barin kwantena a kowane wuri mai dumi inda zazzabi zai kasance kusan 22 ° C. Haske ba kome ba.

Tsarin kulawa da zanawa

Kwafa na farko sukan bayyana a ranar 15th bayan shuka. Sa'an nan kuma kana buƙatar yin karba. Anyi haka don kowane bishiya zai iya samar da tushen tushen sa. Wannan ya kamata a yi a hankali, ba tare da lalata tushen ba. Tsire-tsire a cikin sassa daban-daban. Bayan haka an saka su cikin zafi, inda zazzabi rana yana da 26 ° C, kuma yawancin zafin rana bai wuce 10 ° C ba. Seedlings ne wanda ba a ke so sau da yawa shayar, kamar yadda zai iya ci gaba da cutar "black kafa". Kuna buƙatar tabbatar da cewa matashi ba ya bushe ba. Ya kamata a shayar da sprouts tare da ruwan zafi (30 ° C). Daga ruwan sanyi za su zama masu rauni, za su yi rashin lafiya kuma su mutu. A cikin dakin inda seedlings, iska kada ta bushe. Dole a buƙafa Bushes, da kuma dakin - zuwa iska, kare furanni daga zane. A rana ta 10 bayan ɗaukar kullun, zaka iya yin riguna ta yin amfani da bayani na ruwa tare da urea da superphosphate.

Yana da muhimmanci! Kafin dasa shuki a cikin ƙasa, su buƙatar Ƙarfafa, shan kowace rana a cikin iska a cikin hasken rana don 'yan sa'o'i.

Dasa seedlings a bude ƙasa

A karshen watan Mayu, lokacin da iska zazzabi zai kasance a kusa da 22 ° C, zaka iya fara dasa shuki a cikin ƙasa. Zai fi kyau a yi haka da safe ko da maraice. Nisa tsakanin ramukan ya zama 50 cm, kuma tsakanin layuka ya kamata ya zama 60 cm. Sakamakon zurfin su ba zai bambanta daga zurfin iyawar wurin ba. Ba a bayar da shawarar Bush ba don shuka tare da tushen asali. Sabili da haka, tare da launi mai laushi, kana buƙatar ƙaddamar da seedling cikin rami kuma rabin cika shi da ƙasa mai kyau. Na gaba, kana buƙatar ruwa kowane nau'i mai kyau, ta amfani da guga na ruwa a cikin ramuka uku. Bayan an sha ruwan, sai ya rufe rijiyoyin da ƙasa zuwa sama. Ƙaƙashin wuyansa ya kasance a matakin ƙasa. Bayan dasa, yana da kyawawa don ciyawa yankin tare da peat peat.

Karanta kuma game da namo mai kyau irin barkono a gida da kuma a gonar.

Fasahar fasahar bunkasa "Claudio F1"

Don samun girbi mai kyau, kana buƙatar kulawa da bishiyoyin barkono. Ma'aikata suna bada shawara cire ƙwayar ɗakin ajiya a kan kowane shuka. Godiya ga wannan aikin, girbi zai fi girma. Har ila yau, don ƙara yawan amfanin ƙasa, dole ne a kafa bushes a cikin 3 mai tushe, cire ƙananan harbe waɗanda aka kafa a cikin hanya mai dacewa.

Ƙasa kulawa da weeding

Sweet barkono yana son sassauta ƙasa. Saboda haka, kana buƙatar tabbatar cewa babu wata ƙasa ta ɓawon burodi. Na gode da ingantaccen inganta tsabar iska zuwa ga asalinsu. Na farko kwanaki 14 da barkono ke tsiro sannu a hankali, kuma yana da wanda ba a so ya sassauta ƙasa, kamar yadda tushen suka ƙarfafa. Daga baya, wajibi ne don sassauta ƙasa bayan watering, lokacin da ya bushe, amma ɓawon burodi bai riga ya kafa ba. Wannan ya kamata a yi ba zurfi fiye da 5 cm, tun lokacin da tushensu suke a cikin saman kasan duniya. Haka ma ma kyawawa don gudanar da wani weeding, game da shi kawar da weeds. Spud yana buƙatar barkono a lokacin flowering.

Watering da ciyar

Ruwa da barkono ya zama sau ɗaya a cikin kwanaki 7, har sai ya fara fure. A kan 1 square. m amfani da lita 12 na ruwa. Lokacin da bushes Bloom, watering ne sau 3 a mako, ta yin amfani da lita 14 na ruwa. Water ya kamata a rabu kuma da zafin jiki na 24-26 ° C. Kwana 14 bayan an dasa shuki a ƙasa, ana ciyar da shi a karon farko. An yi amfani dashi ga wannan taki, kazaran kaza, hadawa da phosphate-potassium da takin mai magani. Ko kuma zaka iya amfani da takin mai magani ma'adinai: gishiri, superphosphate, potassium chloride. Ana ciyar da wannan abinci a farkon 'ya'yan itace da kuma lokacin da aka samu' ya'yan itace, kara yawan kashi na ammonium nitrate.

Yana da muhimmanci! Idan 'ya'yan itatuwa sune ƙananan, za ku iya ciyar da shuka da na hudu.

Pepper garter

Bambanci "Claudio F1" yana da ƙananan harbe, kuma kowane motsi marar lalata zai iya lalata su, don haka kuna buƙatar ku ƙulla ƙuƙwalwar zuwa kwalliyar.

"Claudio F1": abubuwanda ke da dama

Wannan iri-iri yana da amfani mai yawa. Babban halaye na barkono "Claudio":

  • resistant zuwa cututtuka;
  • rashin lafiya a girma;
  • manyan-fruited iri-iri;
  • zafi zafi;
  • dogon adana;
  • da kyau hawa;
  • kyau dandano;
  • farkon maturing
  • zaka iya amfani da 'ya'yan itace da kuma gwangwani.
Karanta game da girma barkono barkono a gonar da kan windowsill.
Pepper "Claudio F1" - Rahoton iri-iri:

Galina, mai shekaru 48: "Ina son ingancin wannan barkono." Abincin shuka shine kawai - cikakken dukkanin tsaba da aka shuka. "Akwai wasu 'ya'yan itace a kanji, mai yiwuwa saboda yanayin yanayi."

Irina, shekaru 35: "Na yi girma da manyan 'ya'yan itatuwa, wanda na yi farin ciki, yanzu zan dasa kawai wannan nau'in."

Vladimir, mai shekaru 55: "Abu ne mai sauƙi in girma wannan iri-iri, tsaba sunyi sauri, kuma 'ya'yan itatuwa suna girma da musa jiki, muna amfani da su don salads ko ci sabo."

Idan ka ɗauki halin alhakin dasa shuki barkono mai dadi "Claudio F1" kuma bi duk dokoki don kulawa, zai yarda maka da girbi mai kyau.

Загрузка...