Lavender

Dokokin don kulawa da lavender, girma lavender a gonar

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Abin ƙanshi mai ban sha'awa, kwarewa, kyawawan samfurori da aikace-aikacen aikace-aikace masu yawa sun yi Lavender daya daga cikin tsire-tsire masu mashahuri. Ga mata, akwai asirin kulawa. Wadanne yanayi ne ya kamata ya haifar da shuka don ya zama kayan ado na lambun ka, da kuma yadda za a tsiro wata lavani daga tsaba?

Lavender: bayanin da iri

Lavender yana da siffar mai kyau: wani kore, matte stem, an rufe shi da foliage, wani kiban ƙananan furanni. Tsawon tsire-tsire mai tsayi ne daga 20 cm, kuma diamita daga cikin daji na lavender din ba ya fi 40 cm ba.

Ba za ku lura da wannan yarinya mai ban dariya a gonar ba, amma idan ba ta bayyanar ba, to, kowa zai san wariyar lavender. A dumi, mai arziki da dan kadan tart wari na lavender janye duka da amfani kwari (zuma ƙudan zuma) da kuma sophisticated aesthetes-lambu.

Shin kuna sani? Lavender yayi ƙanshi ba kawai inflorescence ba. Ganye da ganye kuma suna da ƙanshin halayyar, amma sun fi da na ɓangaren flowering.

Lavender yana da kaddarorin masu zuwa:

  • magani (yana da anti-mai kumburi sakamako, soothes, sauqaqa ciwon kai)
  • ado (amfani da kayan ado na wurare masu faɗi)
  • kwaskwarima (karin kayan aikin fata da kayan kula da gashi)
An yi amfani da Lavender har ma a cikin ɗakin abinci, a matsayin kayan ƙanshi ga abincin gourmet.

Hanyoyi na amfani da lavender dogara ne akan nau'inta, wanda adadin kusan 30. Bambanci tsakanin su a launi, girman inflorescences, tsayi tsawo da siffar siffar. Wasu daga cikin jinsin suna girma ne kawai a wasu wurare, kuma mafi yawan - a duk nahiyoyi da kuma nahiyoyi.

Mafi yawan iri lavender:

Nassar da aka yalwatako ainihin. Bambancin wannan jinsin yana cikin juriya mai sanyi da saukewa da sauri. Cunkoso mai lakaɗɗen baya ba ya buƙatar yanayi na musamman domin namo da sauƙi daukan tushe a kowane irin ƙasa.

Broad lavender yana da ƙanshi mai haske, kuma ƙuriyar ba ta samar da ɗaya ba, amma uku kibiyoyi na inflorescences.

Lavender cog - ado, "dwarf" view tare da launuka mai haske da azurfa siffa ganye.

Faransa lavender germinates kawai a bude filin, transplanting cikin cikin tukunya ne contraindicated. Ƙananan furanni suna kusan rasa a bayan manyan ganye, wanda ya sa irin wannan lavender wani abu ne mai kyau ga shinge.

Dutch lavender - Wannan shi ne nau'in nau'in nau'in jinsin ta hanyar hayewa da dangi da ke da ƙuƙumi.

Yana da muhimmanci! A stalk na mafi girma evergreen shrub kai 2 m tsawo. Sai kawai matasan jinsunan Lavender ne iya wannan, domin namo wanda musamman yanayin damina ake bukata.

Yadda za a zabi wani wuri don girma lavender

Lokacin da dasa shuki lavender a lambun ka, kana buƙatar la'akari da wasu daga cikin nuances da ke tasiri a kai tsaye akan ingancin flowering da kuma rayuwar rayuwa na gaba daya.

Lavender yana da damuwa ga acid, don haka ƙasa mai cin nama bai dace da shi ba. Zaɓin zaɓin zai zama ƙasa mai laushi, mai laushi da ƙananan ƙarancin acidity. Amma idan shafinka ba zai yiwu ba don ƙirƙirar irin wannan yanayin don shuka, ta yaya za a shuka furanni? Yin amfani dashi na itace ko lemun tsami zai sa ƙasa ta fi dacewa, kuma tare da taimakon takin gargajiya ka saturates ƙasa tare da kayan abinci.

Tudun gona ko ƙasa tare da masu gudana mai gudanawa ba su dace da Lavender ba. A cikin wani wuri mai laushi, wannan shrub ya dade kuma ya mutu. Amma idan babu wani wuri, to, tare da taimakon magungunan ruwa mai tsabta yana yiwuwa a rage matakin ƙasa mai laushi kuma ya haifar da sharadi mai kyau don namo na lavender bushes.

Game da hasken, lavender zai iya girma a wurare masu duhu da kuma yankuna. Amma a cikin akwati na biyu, Lavender zai faranta maka rai tare da ƙanshi mai haske da kuma ƙanshi mai ƙanshi, kuma a cikin akwati na farko - look da ƙanshi na shuka zai zama maras kyau.

Tsarin Tsarin Noma

A karkashin sharaɗɗan gwargwadon yanayin, Lavender ke tsiro tare da yarda da yawa. Za'a iya yin wurin zama na farko da aka dasa shrubs a cikin bazara da kuma kaka, yanayin kawai shine rana da yanayin matsakaici. A cikin kaka, injin zai bayar da rahoto game da "shiri" don dasawa tare da tsaka mai wuya, kuma a cikin bazara tare da buds.

Kafin dasa shuki lavender a cikin ƙasa mai zurfi, zuba rami mai zurfi 5-8 cm kuma bar shi zuwa "tururi" a karkashin fim mai kyan gani na kimanin 3-4 days, a lokacin watering watering. Sa'an nan kuma, bayan sunyi wani daji tare da yashi na ƙasa, cire ɓangaren daji na daji tare da tushe kuma sanya shi a cikin rami mai shirya. A lokacin da ake saro, dole ne a shayar da lavender sau da yawa, amma ba a farfaɗo shi ba.

Features kula da Lavender

Lavender - unpretentious daji. Amma wannan baya nufin cewa baku bukatar kula da ita. Kyakkyawan, mai karfi, tsire-tsire-tsire shi ne sakamakon kulawa mai kyau.

Yaya za a yi amfani da lakabin ruwa

Lavender yana son matsakaicin zafi. Water lavender kamar yadda ƙasa ta kafe. A lokacin rani, yawancin ban ruwa - sau 2-3 a mako, a cikin fansa zai isa kuma sau daya cikin makonni 1-1.5.

Ajiyewa da miya ƙasa

Yana da mahimmanci don saka idanu kan ƙasa wadda ta dafa ta. A fili, albarkatun ƙasa na oxygen, tsire-tsiren ya fi girma kuma ya samar da kyawawan ƙarancin abubuwa.

Yana da muhimmanci!Tushen Lavender bai shiga zurfin ƙasa ba, kamar sauran bishiyoyi. Kashe ƙasa, kayi ƙoƙari kada ku kasance mai himma tare da kayan aiki, in ba haka ba kuna hadarin haɗari tsarin tushen da halakar daji gaba daya.

Lavender amsa sosai zuwa saman miya: shi da sauri absorbs taki kuma sosai da ewa ba ya zo girma da launi. Dukkanin kwayoyin halitta da ma'adinai masu dacewa sun dace da ita.

Yadda za a yanka Lavender

Lavender bushes suna da siffar m, kuma domin ka flowerbed duba sosai-groomed, daga lokaci zuwa lokaci ya zama dole don tsabtace kambi na shuka.

Ka'idodin pruning dogara ne akan nau'in da ci gaban daji, amma akwai adadin bukatun da aka saba da su a kowane irin lavender:

  • a datsa inflorescences bayan flowering ta farko;
  • ba zai shafi ginshiƙan tsire-tsire na tsire-tsire ba, kuma ya yanke kawai yarinya;
  • tsawon tsawo na sashi-yanke - ba fiye da 5 cm ba.

Sake bugun lavender

Girman Lavender ya hada da ba kawai dasawa da kulawa ba, amma har ma yana iya fadada daji. Waɗanne hanyoyi na haifar da wanban wanzu?

Cuttings

Daya daga cikin mafi sauki kuma mafi inganci hanyoyin da haifuwa na lavender bushes ne grafting. Don shi ya shirya ƙasa don dasawa da tattara kayan kayan shuki.

Matasa harbe da aka yanka daga tsofaffin daji ana amfani da su azaman cuttings. Mafi kyau tsawon dasa kayan - 10 cm, saboda haka harbe harbe za a iya yanke a cikin dama kananan cuttings.

Shirye-shiryen dasa shuki ƙasa - an sassare shi, ƙasa mai haddasawa, karimci shayar da ruwa. Yana cikin irin wannan ƙasa da kake buƙatar sanya gurasar da aka gama, yayyafa su da ƙasa kuma a raba su a tushe.

Lokacin mafi kyau don dasa shuki albarkatun gona a bude ƙasa shine farkon watanni na rani. A karshen kakar wasa, cuttings zai dauki tushe, kuma zai yiwu su dasa su a wuri na dindindin na flowering.

Don tsawon lokacin da ake shuka shuka yana buƙatar yawan adadin ruwa, fari zai halaka ko da mafi yawan cuttings.

Growing Lavender

Tambayar yadda za a shuka tsaba da aka dafa shi ne dacewa. Idan babu mai girma shrub daga abin da cuttings za a iya yanke, da seedling hanya shi ne kawai zaɓi!

Bayan sayan tsaba na Lavender ya buƙatar ƙarfafa, saboda haka an sanya su a cikin jakar yashi kuma aka aika zuwa firiji don watanni 1.5-2. Dole ne a yi wannan hanyar a farkon watan Janairu, don haka a watan Maris an shirya tsaba don dasa shuki a ƙasa.

Shin kuna sani?Girma yana karfafa "rigakafi" ta yanayin sanyi. Dole ne hanya ta hardening ta shiga cikin tsaba na lavender kowane nau'in, wanda zai yi girma a yankuna tare da tsananin sanyi.

A lokacin saukarwa, dole ne a shirya tukwane ko kwalaye, cika su da ƙasa zuwa rabi. Ana shuka tsaba tare da yashi a cikin ƙasa kuma an yayyafa shi da sauran duniya tare da kauri ba fiye da 5 cm ba.

An rufe akwatin akwatin da fim ko gilashi kuma an sanya shi a cikin duhu don 1.5 makonni. Lokacin da lavender ya yadu, ana bukatar gyarawa zuwa cikin daki da zafin jiki na + 15 + + 22 ° C, yana jiran sprouts su zama karfi, don shirya bushes don saukowa a kasa.

Lavender yana da tushe sosai, yana da sanyi da zafi. Zai zama ainihin ado na kowane lambun.

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