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Nishaɗi gidanka - Pelargonium Mildfield Rose: bayanin da hoto, dasa, haifuwa da kulawa

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Daga cikin furanni girma a Rasha, Pelargonium Milfield Rose yana ƙaunar musamman da kuma shahara tsakanin masu aikin lambu.

Wannan yana haifar da kyawawan furanni na shuka da kuma sauƙin kula da shi. Wannan labarin zaiyi la'akari da halaye na yanayi, tarihin abin da ya faru, da bayanin bayyanar.

Mun koyi yadda za mu kula da furen pelargonium da yawa, kazalika da gano dabi'u na haifuwa.

Yanayi na Botanical, tarihin da farashi

Pelargonium (lat. Pelargónium) wani nau'i ne na tsire-tsire na geranium iyali. Wannan yana daya daga cikin shuke-shuke da suka fi so da kuma tartsatsi. Abin baƙin ciki shine, a wasu lokuta ana kiransa geraniums kuskure. A cikin wakilai na geranium na yanzu, furanni suna da cikakkun gaske (tare da jiragen sama da yawa), a cikin pelargonium, furanni suna da alamomi guda biyu (suna da nau'i ɗaya kawai).

A yanayi, an rarraba pelargonium a ko'ina cikin Afirka ta Kudu, yawancin halittu kusan 350 ne.

Babban shahararren wakilin wannan jigon halittar shi ne furen pelargonium. Tana cikin rukuni na "Ivy-hybrids". Wannan inji shi ne matasan zonal da ileum pelargonium. Wannan matasan yana da alamun duka gida da zalal pelargonium, wanda aka nuna a cikin siffar ganye da kuma yanayin girma na harbe.

Taimako! A matsakaita, farashin da tsire-tsire yana da rubles 350.

Bayyanar Bayani

Wannan furanni pelargonium suna kama da ainihin wardi.

  • Gidan yana da siffar daji.
  • Kyawawan kullun da ƙananan inflorescences sun kunshi furanni furanni guda biyu.
  • Sassan da aka haɓaka, an rufe su da yawan adadin ganye.
  • A karkashin yanayin haske mai kyau, zonality yana samuwa akan lakaran launi (yankin launin ruwan kasa).
  • 'Ya'yan itace itace akwati tare da tsararraki masu kariya.

Shuka hoto

A nan za ku ga hotuna na Pelargonium Mildfield Rose:





Saukowa: dokoki da tukwici

Lokacin da girma a cikin yanayin tsakiya na Rasha, ana shuka waɗannan tsire-tsire a cikin ƙasa ba a farkon ba sai farkon watan Yuni. Kafin dasa, pelargonium yana da tsabta.

Lokacin da girma a cikin gonar furen, ba shi da darajar shuka tsire-tsire masu shuka. Mafi yawan tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire iri guda ne da mita dari. A cikin makonni biyu da suka gabata bayan dasa shuki, dole ne a shayar da ruwa mai sauƙi a yawancin lokaci, don tsayar da tsire-tsire mafi kyau.

A lokacin da dasa shuki a bude ƙasa pelargonium zai fi dacewa dasa a kan tashe gadaje ko nunin faifai.

Haske da wuri

Haske yana taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin noma na pelargonium. Kayan shuka yana buƙatar ainihin haske. don ci gaban al'ada da flowering.

Tare da rashin hasken haske, ci gaban pelargonium na iya ragewa ko kuma tsayawa gaba daya. Rashin hasken rana yana haifar da raunanawa na shuka, wanda ya hada da yiwuwar cututtuka da cututtuka daban-daban. Ya kamata shuka ya kasance a wuri mai kyau. A cikin zafi zafi rani yana da kyawawa don inuwa shuka daga hasken rana kai tsaye.

A lokacin hunturu, ana yin amfani da ƙarin haske mai haske, wanda zai tabbatar da flowering shekara-shekara (lokacin da aka ajiye shi cikin yanayi mai dumi). Don ƙirƙirar kambi mai haɗaka, kana buƙatar buɗe gonar katako 90 digiri kowace rana.

Bukatun shara

Don ci gaba mai kyau da cike da ci gaba ga pelargonium, furen mota yana buƙatar aladewa, mai gina jiki da ƙasa mai tsabta. Zaka iya saya ƙasa da aka shirya don pelargonium, zaka iya shirya kasar gona kanka. A kasan tukunyar filawa dole dole a saka Layer na malalewa - fadada yumbu.

Da abun da ke ciki na kasar gona don namo na Pelargonium Millfield ya tashi:

  • guda biyu na turf ƙasa;
  • biyu sassa na peat;
  • biyu sassa na humus;
  • Ɗaya daga cikin yashi m.

Lokacin amfani da wasu matakan da aka dauka akan titin, yana da mahimmanci don wanke su.kamar yadda suke iya kamuwa da kwari da fungi.

Hankali! Pelargonium ba ya jure wa ruwa da kuma damuwa da danshi a cikin ƙasa. Wannan zai haifar da lalata da mutuwar shuka.

Yadda ake kulawa?

Yanayin yanayin zafi

Wannan nau'i na pelargonium yana bukatar a girma a yanayin zazzabi. Mafi kyawun yanayi zai kasance da namo a cikin dakin:

  • a lokacin rani, a yanayin zafi daga +20 zuwa +25 digiri;
  • a cikin hunturu a + 12-15 digiri.

Tare da busassun abun ciki a cikin hunturu, suna tsayayya da digo cikin zazzabi zuwa + 8 ° C. Pelargonium milfield fure ba ya jure wa kai tsaye yau da kullum zazzabi saukad da.

Watering

A lokacin rani, a gida, kasar gona ya kamata a shayar da shi kwanaki 3-4 bayan da aka bushe saman. Zaku iya duba ta ruwa ku yatsa 1-2 cm a cikin substrate.

A cikin hunturu, ana gudanar da ruwa a cikin hanyar da ƙasa ba ta bushe ba. A lokacin da ya rage ƙasa a yanayin zafi mai sauƙi, canjin wuri mai sauri na tsarin tushen shuka yana yiwuwa.

Spraying

Pelargonium yana jurewa iska mai busheSaboda haka ba lallai ba ne don yada shi.

Taki

Top miya yana da za'ayi tare da manufar inganta flowering, don wannan dalili ana amfani da takin mai magani phosphate. Fertilizing tare da takin gargajiya ba wanda ba a ke so saboda shuka bata shafan su da kyau.

Pruning

A cikin yanayin ɗakuna, an yi furen Pelargonium a kowace shekara, yana barin harbe tare da 2-4 kawai. Anyi wannan don samun lush flowering shrub. Tsire-tsire suna buƙatar cire ganye da dried yellowed.

Yankewa da cire ganye anyi ne kawai tare da wuka mai kaifi., kuma ba za ta janye ganyayyaki ba, tun da gefen tsage zai fara farawa. Don manufar cututtuka, an yi amfani da shafin da aka yanke tare da gauraye.

Ana yin gyaran-gyaren don haka tushe na tushe ya bar a kan shuka. Idan a lokacin kada ku ƙulla furen furen kuma kada ku samar da wata shuka ba, da sauri ya zama ampel.

Cututtuka na kowa da kwari

Babban kwari ne:

  • cyclamen mite;
  • pelargonium aphid;
  • gizo-gizo mite

Wadannan kwari suna nasarar hallaka tare da kwari. Tare da kulawar kwaro na zamani, yana yiwuwa a adana shuke-shuke ba tare da lalacewa ba.

Tare da kulawa mara kyau, pelargonium zai iya lalace ta hanyar launin toka da tsatsa. Don magance su, akwai nau'ikan furotin masu yawa.

Hanyoyin kiwo

Flargaria milfield fure yana nufin yankuna, ko da yake yana da matasan, sabili da haka yana yiwuwa a samu duka fashewa da kuma yaduwar iri.

Tsarin hanyoyi:

  1. Yawancin lambu sunyi amfani da cututtukan pelargonium da dama a cikin hunturu, saboda wannan dalili suna dasa bishiyoyin shuka a yashi ko perlite da moisturize. Yanke cuttings da aka yi tare da Sarauniya Kwayoyin, hunturu a zafin jiki ba fi yadda + 12 ° C.

    Pelargonium cuttings kafe daga Janairu a + 16 ° C, har ma a wannan yanayi zazzabi, tushen da shuka fara farawa. Sa'an nan kuma yawan zafin jiki na iska a cikin dakin ya tashi zuwa + 20 ° C. A cikin cututtuka, samuwar tushen tsarin yana faruwa bayan 3 makonni. Bayan kafawar tushen tsarin, ana shuka tsire-tsire a cikin tukwane.

  2. Shuka tsaba da aka gudanar daga Disamba zuwa Fabrairu. Don haka, kasar gona ta kunshi yashi mai yayyafi da peat ko peat. Harbe ya bayyana bayan makonni 3. A wannan lokaci, dole ne a yi amfani da ƙasa a kowane lokaci. Rufe akwati tare da substrate ya kamata a rufe shi da fim.

    Bayan harbe sun kai mataki na bangaskiya guda uku, suna bukatar a nutse su a cikin tukwane. Don yin tsire-tsire na tsire-tsire don buƙata a kan takardar 6th.

Wani abin ban sha'awa kuma mai ban sha'awa irin pelargonium? Karanta game da Afrilu Snow, Kudancin, Red Pandora, Dandalin, Pink, Denise, Lady Gertrude, Anita, Prince Gustav, Grandiflora.

Dangane da aikin aikin noma da kulawa da kulawa da kulawa Pelargonium Milfield Rose zai yi farin ciki kuma zai zama abin ado na gida. Wannan shuka ba ta buƙatar kulawa ta musamman, amma aiwatar da ka'idodin dokoki yana da muhimmanci don inganta shuke-shuke masu kyau da lafiya.

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