Kayan lambu

Nuances na tsire-tsire tumatir a cikin hydrogen peroxide kafin dasa shuki. Shuka takunkumi

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Domin samun sauri seedlings tumatir, kare seedlings daga cututtuka da girbi mai kyau, dandana agronomists bayar da shawarar soaking da tsaba kafin dasa.

Kyakkyawan bayani ga hanya - yin amfani da hydrogen peroxide. Wannan ruwa mai warkarwa yana da tasiri kuma yana da amfani ba kawai a likita ba, har ma a filin gona.

Wannan labarin ya ba da cikakken bayani akan nuances na tsayar da tsaba tumatir a hydrogen peroxide kafin dasa shuki, ya ba da shawara game da shuka.

Amfani masu amfani na nufin don tsaba tumatir

A karkashin yanayin ci gaban yanayi, tsire-tsire suna samun ruwan da ake bukata da kariya daga ruwan sama.

Lokacin da masana'antu ko gonar gida ke dogara ga jinƙan yanayi ba zai iya ba. Tattara tsabtataccen ruwan sama, saka idanu akan tsabta - aiki mai mahimmancin lokaci da kuma rashin amfani. Kyakkyawar madaidaici don amfanin gona mai albarka shine tsasa tumatir a cikin hydrogen peroxide.

Peroxide ko hydrogen peroxide ne mai cututtukan maganin antiseptic mai karfi. Ya ƙunshi abun ciki ya ƙunshi kwayoyin oxygen kwayoyin halitta: a lokacin lalata, wannan shine kashi wanda ke wadatar da tsaba tare da oxygen. Wani abu mai mahimmanci na kashi shi ne aikin aikin oxidative (kariya da cututtukan tsaba daga microbes).

Mene ne amfani da peroxide?

  • Ƙaddamar da matakai na rayuwa da kuma hanzari na germination.
  • Nunawa da aikin haɗari na nitrates, nitrites.
  • Kyakkyawan samfurin abubuwan da aka gano da kayan abinci.

Kafin fara farawa a cikin peroxide, wajibi ne a sanya tsaba a dakin da zazzabi. Leave a minti 20-30. Wannan hanya zai yi laushi ga murfin karewa da kuma tasirin yin haka a cikin peroxide zai zama sananne.

Sharuɗɗa da fursunoni na soaking

Abubuwan da ake amfani da shi shine hanyoyin samun saurin yaduwar cutar, yaduwar cututtuka, ƙara ƙarfin juriya ga ƙananan harbe zuwa abubuwan waje. Tsarin maganin peroxide mai kyau shine tabbacin cewa tsaba za su ci gaba a cikin manyan seedlings., bushy bushes da za su zama kyakkyawan 'ya'yan itace.

Ba kamar sauran hanyoyi don yin amfani da su (misali, potassium permanganate), maganin maganin peroxide da kuma haɓaka germination. Peroxide ba shi da wani dalili da kuma rashin amfani. Don cimma burin da ake so, yana da muhimmanci a shirya yadda za a gudanar da aiki da kuma girmama lokacin. Idan ka bar tsaba a cikin wani bayani na peroxide na dogon lokaci, za a yi su da kuma ba su dace ba don dasa shuki.

Me ya sa yake da muhimmanci kafin shuka?

Tumatir tsaba dauke da masu hanawa waɗanda suke hanawa da rage jinkirin tsarin germination. A karkashin yanayin yanayi, masu hanawa sun lalacewa ta hanyar hadawan abu. Agronomists suna amfani da masu amfani da su don halakar da su. Daya daga cikin mafi tasiri shi ne hydrogen peroxide. Wannan ruwa yana shafe mai mahimmancin mai, wanda ma yana shafar yawan girma.

Wani iri ne ya dace?

Soaking dace da kowane tsaba da shuke-shuke. Hanyar yana da amfani sosai idan babu tabbaci ga lafiyar da ingancin iri. Ba'a bukatar wajibi ne don tsaba na matasan hybrids da aka sani kiwo, tun da sun riga sun shirya sosai don dasa. Har ila yau, ba zai iya yiwuwa a gudanar da wani abu ba:

  • don tsaba da aka lalata (akwai harsashi mai laushi);
  • inlaid (bakin ciki na ruwa mai narkewa wanda yake dauke da disinfecting da inganta-inganta aka gyara).

Shirye-shiryen bayani

Don amfani da tsire-tsire tumatir suna amfani da umarnin da aka tsara don shirya wani bayani mai aiki: 2 tbsp. ruwa 1 tbsp. 3% hydrogen peroxide. A irin wannan bayani, ana shuka tsaba. Akwai hanya ta biyu. Ya fi dacewa, amma tasiri:

  1. Don shirya maganin, ana daukar nau'in peroxide 6% kuma an shafe shi da ruwa a cikin wani rabo na 1:10.
  2. Don maganin ƙasa da kwantena 1 kwalban peroxide dole ne a narkar da shi a cikin lita 4 na ruwa.
  3. Sakamakon ruwa ya zubar da ƙasa na kwanaki 2-4 kafin dasa shuki tsaba, wanke farfajiya na kwantena.

Shirin mataki zuwa mataki akan yadda za a jiƙa

Hanyar Matakan (kamar yadda ake bukata) Yadda za a riƙe? Jimlar lokaci
3% peroxide 2 tbsp. ruwa Gauze, pouch, plosechka - zaɓa daga.
  1. Tsaba kunsa a cheesecloth.
  2. Don ragewa a cikin bayani da aka samo peroxide.
Ka riƙe sa'o'i 12
6% peroxide tare da ruwa (1:10)Rigun rag, takardar bayan gida, takalma na takarda - zabinka.Sanya kayan (zane, adiko na goge baki) a cikin maganin peroxide, kunsa tsaba a ciki.Ku kiyaye sa'o'i 24.

Haka kuma akwai hanya mai ma'ana sosai. Don yin wannan, dauka mai tsabta 3% na peroxide kuma ka nutse cikin tsaba, a nannade cikin gauze, na minti 10 (ba fiye) ba. Sa'an nan kuma fitar da iri da kuma wanke shi a karkashin ruwa mai gudu.

Lokacin jinsin yawan tsufa ya dogara da ƙaddamarwar bayani. Alal misali, lokacin amfani da peroxide mai tsarki, lokaci bai kamata ya wuce minti 10 ba, diluted - daga sa'o'i 12 zuwa 24.

Yadda za a shuka a kan seedlings?

Bayan da aka sa tsaba suna buƙatar bushe. Bayan haka, suna shirye su kwashe. Shuka 2-3 hours bayan cire peroxide daga bayani. Menene nuances don la'akari da lambu?

  1. Zaɓan ƙasa mai kyau. Mitacciyar da ake bukata a cikin tankuna masu ajiya.
  2. Kwantena masu dacewa. Tumatir don seedlings za a iya girma a cikin kofuna waɗanda kowani, tukwane, cassette na kowa ko ganga.
  3. Sanya malalewa a kasa, cika shi da ƙasa, zubar da shi. Bayan shayar da danshi, sanya rami na 1 cm, sanya iri a ciki.
  4. Tsakanin tsaba dole ne a kalla 2 cm.
  5. Yayyafa da tsaba tare da ragar bakin ciki na ƙasa, kada ku rago.
  6. Yi saurin tsaftace ƙasa tare da kwalba mai laushi.
  7. Rufe da polyethylene, sanya zafi (digiri 25).
  8. Bayan bayyanar sprouts don rage yawan zafin jiki zuwa digiri 18.

Saboda haka Kwayar tumatir na iya kuma ya kamata a kara shi cikin hydrogen peroxide. Abubuwan da aka ware kawai sune alamun kamfanonin masu sanannun sanannun, waɗanda sun riga sun wuce horo kuma suna shirye don dasa shuki. Ya kamata a sauke kayan shuka a cikin aikin aiki, lokaci mai daukan hankali ya dogara da ƙaddamarwa.

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